Content

Content - Volume 48, Issue 9

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Robotic-assisted locomotor training enhances ankle performance in adults with incomplete spinal cord injury
Vennila Krishnan, Matthew Kindig, Mehdi Mirbagheri
Objective: Ankle joint control plays an important role in independent walking. This study investigated the effects of robotic-assisted locomotor training on impaired ankle joint control in individuals with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury. Methods: Sixteen individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury underwent 12 one-h sessions of robotic-assisted locomotor training for 4 weeks, while 16 ...
Pages: 781-786
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All articles

EDITORIAL
JRM Goes Immediate Open Access!
Kristian Borg, Henk Stam
Abstract is missing (Editorial)
Pages: 756-0
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SPECIAL REPORT
A medical social work perspective on rehabilitation
Kerstin Sjögren Fugl-Meyer
This paper introduces a biopsychosocial model for use as a tool by medical social workers and other rehabilitation professionals for the descriptive analysis of the case history and follow-up of patients needing rehabilitative support. The model is based on action theory and emphasizes the demands on evidence-based clarification of the interplay between a subject’s contextual life situation, the ...
Pages: 758-763
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Validation of the "Activity and participation" component of ICF Core Sets for stroke patients in Japanese rehabilitation wards
Shoji Kinoshita, Masahiro Abo, Kohei Miyamura, Takatsugu Okamoto, Wataru Kakuda, Ikuo Kimura, Hiroshi Urabe
Objective: To validate the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Set for stroke in the assessment of functional status and disability in Japanese stroke patients. Methods: The study included stroke patients admitted to the Kaifukuki (convalescent) rehabilitation wards. The comprehensive ICF Core Set for neurological conditions for post-acute care and the IC ...
Pages: 764-768
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Impaired cardiorespiratory fitness after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
Wouter J. Harmsen, Gerard M. Ribbers, Bart Zegers, Emiel M. Sneekes, Majanka H. Heijenbrok-Kal, Ladbon Khajeh, Fop van Kooten, Sebastiaan J.C.M.M Neggers, Rita J.G. van den Berg-Emons
Objective: To assess cardiorespiratory fitness in patients following an aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage and to explore this in fatigued and non-fatigued patients. Design: Cross-sectional case-control study. Subjects/patients: A total of 28 patients, 6 months post aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage, and 28 sex- and age-matched controls. Methods: Cardiorespiratory responses to a progressive ...
Pages: 769-775
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Early access to vocational rehabilitation for inpatients with spinal cord injury: A qualitative study of staff perceptions
Deborah Johnston, Kumaran Ramakrishnan, Belinda Garth, Gregory Murphy, James W. Middleton, Ian D. Cameron
Introduction: Early intervention is among the factors frequently associated with more positive vocational rehabilitation outcomes; however, vocational rehabilitation is not generally a core component of inpatient rehabilitation following spinal cord injury. Objective: This qualitative study explored the opinions and perceptions of health professionals regarding InVoc, an early vocational rehabili ...
Pages: 776-780
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Robotic-assisted locomotor training enhances ankle performance in adults with incomplete spinal cord injury
Vennila Krishnan, Matthew Kindig, Mehdi Mirbagheri
Objective: Ankle joint control plays an important role in independent walking. This study investigated the effects of robotic-assisted locomotor training on impaired ankle joint control in individuals with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury. Methods: Sixteen individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury underwent 12 one-h sessions of robotic-assisted locomotor training for 4 weeks, while 16 ...
Pages: 781-786
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Sports practice, resilience, body and sexual esteem, and higher educational level are associated with better sexual adjustment in men with acquired paraplegia
Isabela dos Passos Porto, Fernando Luiz Cardoso, Cinara Sacomori
Objective: To analyse the association of team sports practice and physical and psychological factors with sexual adjustment in men with paraplegia. More specifically, we aimed to compare athletes and non-athletes regarding sexual adjustment, resilience, body and sexual self-esteem, and functional independence. Design: Cross-sectional study with a paired design. Participants: The study included ...
Pages: 787-792
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Recovery of sit-to-stand function in patients with intensive-care-unit-acquired muscle weakness: Results from the General Weakness Syndrome Therapy cohort study.
Simone Thomas, Jane H. Burridge, Marcus Pohl , Frank Oehmichen, Jan Mehrholz
Objectives: To describe the time course of recovery of sit-to-stand function in patients with intensive-care-unit-acquired muscle weakness and the impact of recovery. Methods: A cohort study in post-acute intensive care unit and rehabilitation units. Patients with chronic critical illness and intensive-care-unit-acquired muscle weakness were included. Sit-to-stand function was measured daily, us ...
Pages: 793-798
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Multiple sclerosis and employment: Associations of psychological factors and work instability
Charlotte Rose Wicks, Karl Ward, Amanda Stroud, Alan Tennant, Helen L. Ford
Background: People with multiple sclerosis often stop working earlier than expected. Psychological factors may have an impact on job retention. Investigation may inform interventions to help people stay in work. Objective: To investigate the associations between psychological factors and work instability in people with multiple sclerosis. Methods: A multi-method, 2-phased study. Focus groups we ...
Pages: 799-805
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Relevant areas of functioning in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: The patients’ perspective
Chunping Du, Jiadan Yu, Jiaqi Zhang, Jiaojiao Jiang, Huabin Lai, Wei Liu, Yang Liu, Hao Li, Pu Wang
Objective: To investigate relevant aspects of functioning and disability, and environmental factors in people with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis according to patients’ self-reports based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY). Design: Multicentre, empirical, cross-sectional study. Setting: Four departments of orthopaedics in ...
Pages: 806-814
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Stochastic resonance therapy induces increased movement related caudate nucleus activity
Oliver Kaut, Benjamin Becker, Christine Schneider, Feng Zhou, Klaus Fliessbach, René Hurlemann, Ullrich Wüllner
Objective: Whole-body vibration can be used to supplement canonical physical treatment. It is performed while probands stand on a vibrating platform. Therapeutic vibration can be generated as a stochastic vibratory pattern, referred to as stochastic resonance whole-body vibration (SR-WBV). Despite the widespread use of SR-WBV its neurophysiological mechanism is unclear. Design: A randomized sham- ...
Pages: 815-818
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Dopamine-independent effects of combining transcranial direct current stimulation with cued gait training on cortical excitability and functional mobility in Parkinson’s disease
Adriana Costa-Ribeiro, Ariadne Maux , Thamyris Bosford, Yumi Tenório, Déborah Marques, Maíra Carneiro, Michael A. Nitsche , Alberto Moura Filho, Kátia Monte-Silva
Objective: To investigate the dopamine-dependent effect of combining transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with visually cued gait training on cortical excitability and functional mobility in individuals with Parkinson’s disease. Design: A pilot, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Methods: Twenty-two patients with Parkinson’s disease were randomly assigned to 2 groups: (i) ...
Pages: 819-823
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Effect of cumulative repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on freezing of gait in patients with atypical Parkinsonism: A pilot study
Won Hyuk Chang, Min Su Kim, Jin Whan Cho, Jinyoung Youn, Yun Kwan Kim, Sun Woong Kim, Ahee Lee, Yun-Hee Kim
Objective: To investigate the potential of cumulative high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (HF-rTMS) on freezing of gait in atypical Parkinsonism. Design: Randomized, single-blinded, crossover study with a blinded observer. Participants: Eight patients with atypical Parkinsonism. Methods: All participants received HF-rTMS over the lower leg primary motor cortex (M1-LL) fo ...
Pages: 824-828
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Mirror therapy for distal radial fractures: A pilot randomized controlled study
Manuel Bayon-Calatayud, Ana Maria Benavente-Valdepeñas, Maria del Prado Vazquez-Muñoz
To investigate the efficacy of mirror therapy in reducing pain and disability in patients with distal radial fractures. Pilot randomized controlled study. Twenty-two patients with closed distal radial fracture. Patients were randomly assigned to experimental (= 11) or control (= 11) groups. Researchers were blinded to group allocation. Both groups received conventional physiothera ...
Pages: 829-832
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CASE REPORT
Leg amputation and dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: A case report with 15 years of follow-up
André Thevenon, Marguerite Preud'homme, Philippe Patenotre, Benoit Catteau, Anne Blanchard-Dauphin, Valérie Wieczorek, Vincent Tiffreau
Objective: Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is a rare disease characterized by widespread blistering of the skin and mucous membranes, which may ultimately prompt limb amputation. In this context, the outcome of fitting a prosthesis to a chronically wounded stump is not well known. Our patient’s experience (with 15 years of follow-up) should contribute to better knowledge of this topic. Case re ...
Pages: 833-835
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