Content

Content - Volume 49, Issue 2

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Cannabis use in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury in Denmark
Sven R. Andresen, Fin Biering-Sørensen, Ellen Merete Hagen, Jørgen F. Nielsen, Flemming W. Bach, Nanna B. Finnerup
Objective: To evaluate recreational and medical cannabis use in individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury, including reasons and predictors for use, perceived benefits and negative consequences. Design: Cross-sectional survey in Denmark. Methods: A 35-item questionnaire was sent to 1,101 patients with spinal cord injury who had been in contact with a rehabilitation centre between 1990 and 20 ...
Pages: 152-160
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All articles

REVIEW ARTICLE
Effectiveness of technology-based distance interventions promoting physical activity: Systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression
Sanna Hakala, Aki Rintala, Jaakko Immonen, Juha Karvanen, Ari Heinonen, Tuulikki Sjögren
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of technology-based distance interventions for promoting physical activity, using systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: A literature search of studies published between 2000 and 2015 was conducted in the following databases: CENTRAL, EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, OTseeker, WOS and PEDro. Studies were selected according to the PICOS frame ...
Pages: 97-105
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SPECIAL REPORT
Time for food - training physiatrists in nutritional prescription
Rani Polak , Marie Dacey, Edward M. Phillips
Introduction: Sub-optimal nutrition is a leading factor in all-cause mortality, the preponderance of non-communicable chronic diseases, and various health conditions that are treated by physiatrists, such as stroke and musculoske-letal disorders. Furthermore, patients with chronic pain have a high prevalence of nutritional deficiencies, and malnutrition has been associated with limited rehabilitat ...
Pages: 106-112
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Training and orthotic effects related to functional electrical stimulation of the peroneal nerve in stroke*
Tamsyn Street, Ian Swain, Paul Taylor
Objective: To examine the evidence for a training effect on the lower limb of functional electrical stimulation. Design: Cohort study. Patients: A total of 133 patients >6 months post-stroke. Methods: Training and orthotic effects were determined from walking speed over 10 m, associated minimal and substantial clinically important differences (i.e. >0.05 and >0.10 m/s), and Functional Ambulati ...
Pages: 113-119
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Reduction in retained activity participation is associated with depressive symptoms 3 months after mild stroke: An observational cohort study
Tamara Tse, Jacinta Douglas, Primrose Lentin, Thomas Lindén , Leonid Churilov, Henry Ma, Stephen Davis , Geoffrey Donnan, Leeanne M. Carey
Objective: To quantify the association of depressive symptoms with retained activity participation 3 months post-stroke, after adjusting for neurological stroke severity and age. Design: A cross-sectional observational study of retained activity participation and depressive symptoms in stroke survivors with ischaemic stroke. Participants: One hundred stroke survivors with mild neurological strok ...
Pages: 120-127
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Statistical process control: A feasibility study of the application of time-series measurement in early neurorehabilitation after acquired brain injury
Gabriela Markovic , Marie-Louise Schult, Aniko Bartfai, Mattias Elg
Background: Progress in early cognitive recovery after acquired brain injury is uneven and unpredictable, and thus the evaluation of rehabilitation is complex. The use of time-series measurements is susceptible to statistical change due to process variation. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of using a time-series method, statistical process control, in early cognitive rehabilitation. Metho ...
Pages: 128-135
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of wheelchair propulsion on neuropathic pain and resting electroencephalography after spinal cord injury
Gosuke Sato, Michihiro Osumi, Shu Morioka
Objectives: To investigate the effects of wheelchair propulsion on neuropathic pain and to examine resting electroencephalography pre- and post-wheelchair propulsion after spinal cord injury. Design: Cross-sectional study. Participants: Eleven individuals with spinal cord injury and pain and 10 healthy controls. Methods: Single-session 15-min wheelchair propulsion and measurement of resting e ...
Pages: 136-143
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ORIGINAL REPORT
High incidence of falls and fall-related injuries in wheelchair users with spinal cord injury: A prospective study of risk indicators
Emelie Butler Forslund, Vivien Jørgensen , Erika Franzén, Arve Opheim, Åke Seiger, Agneta Ståhle, Claes Hultling, Johan K. Stanghelle, Kirsti Skavberg Roaldsen, Kerstin Wahman
Objective: To identify risk indicators for, and incidence of, recurrent falls and fall-related injuries in wheelchair users with traumatic spinal cord injury. Design: Prospective multi-centre study. Subjects: One hundred and forty-nine wheelchair users with spinal cord injury attending follow-up in Sweden and Norway. Methods: Inclusion criteria: wheelchair users ≥ 18 years old with ...
Pages: 144-151
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Cannabis use in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury in Denmark
Sven R. Andresen, Fin Biering-Sørensen, Ellen Merete Hagen, Jørgen F. Nielsen, Flemming W. Bach, Nanna B. Finnerup
Objective: To evaluate recreational and medical cannabis use in individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury, including reasons and predictors for use, perceived benefits and negative consequences. Design: Cross-sectional survey in Denmark. Methods: A 35-item questionnaire was sent to 1,101 patients with spinal cord injury who had been in contact with a rehabilitation centre between 1990 and 20 ...
Pages: 152-160
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Do pain characteristics guide selection for multimodal pain rehabilitation?
Paul Enthoven, Peter Molander, Birgitta Öberg, Britt-Marie Stålnacke, Gunilla Stenberg, Björn Gerdle
Objective: To determine whether self-reported pain measures are associated with selection for multimodal or multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MMR) and whether this selection is influenced by sex. Design: Cross-sectional cohort study. Subjects: A total of 1,226 women and 464 men with chronic pain conditions from 2 university hospitals. Methods: Drawing from the Swedish Quality Registry for Pain ...
Pages: 161-169
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effectiveness of two vocational rehabilitation programmes in women with long-term sick leave due to pain syndrome or mental illness: 1-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial
Per Lytsy, Lars Carlsson, Ingrid Anderzén
Objective: Mental illness and chronic pain are common reasons for long-term sick leave, typically more so for women. This study investigated the effects on return to work of 2 vocational rehabilitation programmes. Methods: In this randomized controlled study, 308 women were allocated to treatment with acceptance and commitment therapy, to multidisciplinary assessment and individualized rehabilita ...
Pages: 170-177
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Wheelchair donation in a low-resources setting: Utilization, challenges and benefits of wheelchairs provided through a specialized seating programme in Haiti
Emma Sumner, Colleen O'Connell, Brenda MacAlpine
Objective: To describe a 6-month follow-up of a specialized paediatric wheelchair and seating programme in Haiti. Design: Descriptive design using a structured survey and open-ended questions. Methods: Concurrent with a seating and wheelchair programme conducted in northern Haiti, beneficiaries and their families were introduced to the study, and 86 of 91 consented to future contact. A survey wa ...
Pages: 178-184
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Predictors for living at home after geriatric inpatient rehabilitation: A prospective cohort study
Jan Kool, Peter Oesch, Stefan Bachmann
Objective: To evaluate patient characteristics predicting living at home after geriatric rehabilitation. Design: Prospective cohort study. Patients: A total of 210 patients aged 65 years or older receiving inpatient rehabilitation. Methods: Candidate predictors evaluated during rehabilitation were: age, vulnerability (Vulnerable Elders Survey), multimorbidity (Cumulative Illness Rating Scale), ...
Pages: 185-190
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