Content - Volume 41, Issue 7
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Objective: To investigate the outcome of motor training programmes on arm and hand functioning in patients with
cervical spinal cord injury according to different levels of
the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).
Design: Systematic review.
Methods: A search of the following databases: Medline,
Cochrane, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health L ...
Objective: To describe problematic aspects of faecal incontinence according to the experience of adults with spina bifida.
Design: Qualitative interview study.
Subjects: Eleven adults with spina bifida and bowel problems.
Method: Semi-structured open-ended interviews and qualitative analysis.
Results: Problematic aspects were related to participation in terms of time consumption, communica ...
Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe and analyse self-rated perceived functioning, disability and environmental facilitators/barriers with regard to disease severity, using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) checklist, in adults with myotonic dystrophy type 1.
Design: Cross-sectional design.
Subjects: Forty-one women and 29 men with myo ...
Objective: To evaluate the course and identify determinants of community integration for up to 3 years following moderate to severe traumatic brain injury.
Design: Prospective cohort study.
Patients: A total of 119 moderate to severe traumatic brain injury patients aged 16–67 years.
Methods: The Community Integration Questionnaire was completed at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 and 36 months post-injury ...
Objective: To compare goal attainment scaling (GAS) and standardized measures in evaluation of person-centred outcomes in neurorehabilitation.
Design: A prospective cohort analysis from a tertiary inpatient neuro-rehabilitation service for younger adults with complex neurological disability.
Subjects/patients: Consecutive patients (n = 164) admitted for rehabilitation following acquired br ...
Objective: Botulinum toxin is known to relieve upper limb spasticity, which is a disabling complication of stroke. We examined its effect on quality of life and other person-centred perspectives.
Design: A multi-centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
Patients: Ninety-six patients were randomized (mean age 59. 5 years) at least 6 months post-stroke. Mean time since stroke w ...
Objective: Repeated end-range spinal movements producing specific pain responses (i. e. centralization or non-centralization) may be used for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. However, possible associations between psychological factors and pain responses have been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between pain responses in repeated end-range spinal movement tes ...
Objective: To investigate the associations between smoking and alcohol consumption, and long-term sick leave due to unspecific back or neck pain among employees in the public sector.
Design: A 3-year prospective cohort study.
Subjects: Approximately 9000 persons in the public sector in Sweden were invited to participate. Of these, 7533 answered a questionnaire and 6532 were included in the stu ...
Objective: To compare the effects of portable superficial warmth with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on pain in patients with fibromyalgia.
Methods: The study had a randomized cross-over design. A total of 32 patients with fibromyalgia were randomly assigned to 2 groups. After instruction, the patients treated themselves using a portable device providing superficial warmth (42°C) o ...
Objective: To demonstrate the muscle strength characteristics of shoulder internal and external rotators and the effects of isokinetic exercise on muscle activity in patients with adhesive capsulitis.
Design: Cohort study with control subjects.
Participants: Eight patients with adhesive capsulitis and 8 controls.
Methods: Maximal isometric and isokinetic strength tests of shoulder internal a ...
Objective: To compare the effects of an interdisciplinary pain management programme with those of standard inpatient rehabilitation by comprehensive biopsychosocial self-assessment.
Methods: In this naturalistic prospective controlled cohort study, 164 chronic pain patients who participated in the interdisciplinary pain programme and 143 who underwent standard rehabilitation were assessed us ...
Objective: To develop the Rehabilitation Patient Experiences Questionnaire for patients undergoing rehabilitation for rheumatological disorders.
Methods: Development of the instrument was based on literature review and adaptation of the Patient Experiences Questionnaire. The instrument was piloted and then administered in a multicentre cohort study of 12 rehabilitation units.
Results: The surv ...
Objective: To investigate the effects of phantom limb exercises on phantom limb pain.
Methods: A total of 20 traumatic amputees participated in the study. Ten received phantom exercises and prosthetic training, and 10 were treated with routine prosthetic training and a general exercise programme. Intensity of pain was evaluated using a 10-cm visual analogue scale before therapy and after 4 weeks ...
Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety of methylphenidate administered during inpatient rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury.
Methods: Forty inpatients with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (mean 68. 4 days post-injury) participated in a randomized, cross-over, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of methylphenidate administered at a dose of 0. 3 mg ...
Objective: To assess the reliability of kinematic, mechanical and energetic gait variables at short (1 day) and medium
(1 month) intervals in adult patients after stroke.
Design: Prospective study.
Subjects: Ten patients with chronic post-stroke (mean age 53. 5 years; age range 25–80 years).
Methods: Three-dimensional gait analysis was performed 3 times in these subjects: at baseline (T0 ...