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Content - Volume 41, Issue 7

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REVIEW ARTICLE
Outcome of motor training programmes on arm and hand functioning in patients with cervical spinal cord injury according to different levels of the ICF: A systematic review
Annemie I.F. Spooren, Yvonne J.M. Janssen-Potten, Eric Kerckhofs, Henk A.M. Seelen
Objective: To investigate the outcome of motor training programmes on arm and hand functioning in patients with cervical spinal cord injury according to different levels of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Design: Systematic review. Methods: A search of the following databases: Medline, Cochrane, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Lit ...
Pages: 497-505
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Problematic aspects of faecal incontinence according to the experience of adults with spina bifida
Vigdis Johnsen, Eli Skattebu, Astri Aamot-Andersen, Mikael Thyberg
Objective: To describe problematic aspects of faecal incontinence according to the experience of adults with spina bifida. Design: Qualitative interview study. Subjects: Eleven adults with spina bifida and bowel problems. Method: Semi-structured open-ended interviews and qualitative analysis. Results: Problematic aspects were related to participation in terms of time consumption, communication ...
Pages: 506-511
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Perceived functioning and disability in adults with myotonic dystrophy type 1: A survey according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
Marie Kierkegaard, Karin Harms-Ringdahl, Lotta Widén Holmqvist, Anna Tollbäck
Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe and analyse self-rated perceived functioning, disability and environmental facilitators/barriers with regard to disease severity, using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) checklist, in adults with myotonic dystrophy type 1. Design: Cross-sectional design. Subjects: Forty-one women and 29 men with myoto ...
Pages: 512-520
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Community integration following moderate to severe traumatic brain injury: A longitudinal investigation
Agnes H.P. Willemse-van Son, Gerard M. Ribbers, Wim C.J. Hop, Henk J. Stam
Objective: To evaluate the course and identify determinants of community integration for up to 3 years following moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. Design: Prospective cohort study. Patients: A total of 119 moderate to severe traumatic brain injury patients aged 16–67 years. Methods: The Community Integration Questionnaire was completed at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 and 36 months post-injury ...
Pages: 521-527
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Goal attainment scaling: Does it provide added value as a person-centred measure for evaluation of outcome in neurorehabilitation following acquired brain injury?
Lynne Turner-Stokes, Heather Williams, Jane Johnson
Objective: To compare goal attainment scaling (GAS) and standardized measures in evaluation of person-centred outcomes in neurorehabilitation. Design: A prospective cohort analysis from a tertiary inpatient neuro-rehabilitation service for younger adults with complex neurological disability. Subjects/patients: Consecutive patients (n = 164) admitted for rehabilitation following acquire ...
Pages: 528-535
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Botulinum toxin A for treatment of upper limb spasticity following stroke: A multi-centre randomized placebo-controlled study of the effects on quality of life and other person-centred outcomes
Paul McCrory, Lynne Turner-Stokes, Ian J. Baguley, Stephen De Graaff, Pesi Katrak, Joseph Sandanam, Leo Davies, Melinda Munns, Andrew Hughes
Objective: Botulinum toxin is known to relieve upper limb spasticity, which is a disabling complication of stroke. We examined its effect on quality of life and other person-centred perspectives. Design: A multi-centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients: Ninety-six patients were randomized (mean age 59.5 years) at least 6 months post-stroke. Mean time since stroke was ...
Pages: 536-544
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Pain responses in repeated end-range spinal movements and psychological factors in sick-listed patients with low back pain: Is there an association?
David Christiansen , Kristian Larsen , Ole Kudsk Jensen , Claus Vinther Nielsen
Objective: Repeated end-range spinal movements producing specific pain responses (i.e. centralization or non-centralization) may be used for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. However, possible associations between psychological factors and pain responses have been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between pain responses in repeated end-range spinal movement test ...
Pages: 545-549
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Is smoking and alcohol consumption associated with long-term sick leave due to unspecific back or neck pain among employees in the public sector? Results of a three-year follow-up cohort study
Eva Skillgate, Eva Vingård, Malin Josephson, Lena W. Holm, Lars Alfredsson
Objective: To investigate the associations between smoking and alcohol consumption, and long-term sick leave due to unspecific back or neck pain among employees in the public sector. Design: A 3-year prospective cohort study. Subjects: Approximately 9000 persons in the public sector in Sweden were invited to participate. Of these, 7533 answered a questionnaire and 6532 were included in the study ...
Pages: 550-556
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Pain relief in women with fibromyalgia: A cross-over study of superficial warmth stimulation and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
Monika Löfgren , Cecilia Norrbrink
Objective: To compare the effects of portable superficial warmth with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on pain in patients with fibromyalgia. Methods: The study had a randomized cross-over design. A total of 32 patients with fibromyalgia were randomly assigned to 2 groups. After instruction, the patients treated themselves using a portable device providing superficial warmth (42°C) ...
Pages: 557-562
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Isokinetic characteristics of shoulder rotators in patients with adhesive capsulitis
Hsiu-Chen Lin, Jing-Sheng Li, Sui-Foon Lo, Yi-Fen Shih, Chen-Yu Lo, Shu-Ya Chen
Objective: To demonstrate the muscle strength characteristics of shoulder internal and external rotators and the effects of isokinetic exercise on muscle activity in patients with adhesive capsulitis. Design: Cohort study with control subjects. Participants: Eight patients with adhesive capsulitis and 8 controls. Methods: Maximal isometric and isokinetic strength tests of shoulder internal and ...
Pages: 563-568
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Clinical effectiveness of an interdisciplinary pain management programme compared with standard inpatient rehabilitation in chronic pain: A naturalistic, prospective controlled cohort study
Felix Angst, Martin L. Verra, Susanne Lehmann, Roberto Brioschi, André Aeschlimann
Objective: To compare the effects of an interdisciplinary pain management programme with those of standard in­patient rehabilitation by comprehensive biopsychosocial self-­assessment. Methods: In this naturalistic prospective controlled cohort study, 164 chronic pain patients who participated in the interdisciplinary pain programme and 143 who underwent standard rehabilitation were assessed ...
Pages: 569-575
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Development of the rehabilitation patient experiences questionnaire: Data quality, reliability and validity in patients with rheumatic diseases
Margreth Grotle, Andrew Garratt, Ida Løchting, Ingvild Kjeken, Mari Klokkerud, Till Uhlig, Kåre Birger Hagen
Objective: To develop the Rehabilitation Patient Experiences Questionnaire for patients undergoing rehabilitation for rheumatological disorders. Methods: Development of the instrument was based on literature review and adaptation of the Patient Experiences Questionnaire. The instrument was piloted and then administered in a multicentre cohort study of 12 rehabilitation units. Results: The surve ...
Pages: 576-581
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Effectiveness of phantom exercises for phantom limb pain: A pilot study
Özlem Ülger, Semra Topuz, Kezban Bayramlar , Gül Şener, Fatih Erbahçeci
Objective: To investigate the effects of phantom limb exercises on phantom limb pain. Methods: A total of 20 traumatic amputees participated in the study. Ten received phantom exercises and prosthetic training, and 10 were treated with routine prosthetic training and a general exercise programme. Intensity of pain was evaluated using a 10-cm visual analogue scale before therapy and after 4 weeks ...
Pages: 582-584
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Safety of methylphenidate following traumatic brain injury: Impact on vital signs and side-effects during inpatient rehabilitation
Catherine Willmott, Jennie Ponsford, John Olver, Michael Ponsford
Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety of methylphenidate administered during inpatient rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury. Methods: Forty inpatients with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (mean 68.4 days post-injury) participated in a randomized, cross-over, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of methylphenidate administered at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg ...
Pages: 585-587
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Reliability of lower limb kinematics, mechanics and energetics during gait in patients after stroke
Gilles D. Caty, Christine Detrembleur, Corinne Bleyenheuft, Thierry M. Lejeune
Objective: To assess the reliability of kinematic, mechanical and energetic gait variables at short (1 day) and medium (1 month) intervals in adult patients after stroke. Design: Prospective study. Subjects: Ten patients with chronic post-stroke (mean age 53.5 years; age range 25–80 years). Methods: Three-dimensional gait analysis was performed 3 times in these subjects: at baseline (T0) ...
Pages: 588-590
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