Content

Content - Volume 42, Issue 6

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REVIEW ARTICLE
Body weight-supported gait training for restoration of walking in people with an incomplete spinal cord injury : a systematic review
Monique Wessels , Cees Lucas, Inge Eriks, Sonja de Groot
Objective: To evaluate the effect of body weight-supported gait training on restoration of walking, activities of daily living, and quality of life in persons with an incomplete spinal cord injury by a systematic review of the literature. Methods: Cochrane, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PEDro, DocOnline were searched and identified studies were assessed for eligibility and methodological quality and d ...
Pages: 513-519
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Effectiveness of robot-assisted gait training in persons with spinal cord injury: A systematic review
Eva Swinnen, Saartje Duerinck, Jean-Pierre Baeyens, Romain Meeusen, Eric Kerckhofs
Objective: To assess the quality of current evidence as to the effectiveness of robot-assisted gait training in spinal cord injured patients, focusing on walking ability and performance. Methods: A search was conducted in MEDLINE, Web of Knowledge, Cochrane Library, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and Digital Academic Repositories (DAREnet) (1990–2009). Key words included “spinal cor ...
Pages: 520-526
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Participation and health-related quality of life in adults with spastic bilateral cerebral palsy and the role of self-efficacy
Wilma M.A. van der Slot, Channah Nieuwenhuijsen, Rita J. van den Berg-Emons, Akkelies E. Wensink-Boonstra, Henk J. Stam, Marij E. Roebroeck, the Transition Research Group South West Netherlands
Objective: To assess participation and health-related quality of life in adults with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy, and explore associations with self-efficacy. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: A sample of 56 adults with bilateral spastic cere­bral palsy (mean age 36.4 (standard deviation 5.8) years; 62% male). Methods: Daily activities and social participation (Life Habits 3.0), ...
Pages: 528-535
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of impairments on activities and participation in people affected by leprosy in The Netherlands
Frederik J. Slim , Carine H. van Schie, Renske Keukenkamp, William R Faber, Frans Nollet
Objective: To assess the prevalence of impairments and eva­luate the relationships between impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions in people affected by leprosy living in The Netherlands. Design: A cross-sectional study. Subjects: Eighty-two people affected by leprosy living in The Netherlands. Methods: A postal questionnaire was performed. Impairments were inventori ...
Pages: 536-543
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A qualitative study of perpetuating factors for long term sick leave and promoting factors for return to work: chronic work disabled patients in their own words
Patricia Dekkers-Sánchez, Haije Wind, Judith K. Sluiter, Monique H.W. Frings-Dresen
Objective: Chronic work disability generates high financial costs for society and causes personal suffering to patients and their families; however, crucial knowledge about the factors associated with long-term sick leave is still missing. This study provides insight, from the perspective of chronic work disabled patients, into the perpetuating factors for long-term sick leave and promoting factor ...
Pages: 544-552
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Determinants of quality of life in survivors of cardiac arrest
Véronique RMP Moulaert, Esther M Wachelder, Jeanine A. Verbunt, Derick T. Wade, Caroline M. van Heugten
Objective: To study factors related to quality of life after a hypoxic period due to cardiac arrest. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Subjects: Eighty-eight survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, admitted to a Dutch academic hospital between 2001 and 2006. Methods: Patients received a set of questionnaires at home. The main outcome measures were physical and mental qua­lity of life (M ...
Pages: 553-558
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A positive turning point in life - how persons with late effects of polio experience the influence of an interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme
Maria Larsson Lund, Jan Lexell
Objective: To describe and enhance our understanding of how persons with late effects of polio experience the influence of an interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme. Participants: Twelve persons with clinically verified late effects of polio who had participated in an individualized, goal-oriented, comprehensive interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme. Methods: Qualitative research inter ...
Pages: 559-565
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Reasons of drop-out from rehabilitation in patients of Turkish and Moroccan origin with chronic low back pain in The Netherlands: A qualitative study
Maurits Sloots, Jos H.M. Dekker, Menno Pont, Edien A.C. Bartels, Jan H.B. Geertzen, Joost Dekker
Objective: To explore which factors led to drop-out in patients of Turkish and Moroccan origin with chronic non-specific low back pain who participated in a rehabilitation programme. Subjects: Patients of Turkish or Moroccan origin with chronic non-specific low back pain (n = 23) from 2 rehabilitation centres and 4 rehabilitation departments of general hospitals in the Netherlands. Methods: ...
Pages: 566-573
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Reliability and validity of the telephone administration of the wheelchair outcome measure (WhOM) for middle-aged and older users of power mobility devices
Claudine Auger, Louise Demers, Isabelle Gélinas, François Routhier, W. Ben Mortenson, William C. Miller
Objective: To examine the measurement properties of the tele­phone administration of the Wheelchair Outcome Measure (WhOM). Subjects: Power mobility device users aged 50–89 years. Methods: Two independent cohorts were recruited: (i) a prospective cohort (n = 40) to estimate test-retest reliability and to determine the applicability of the telephone format, and (ii) a cross-sectional coho ...
Pages: 574-581
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Repetitive training of complex hand and arm movements with shaping is beneficial for motor improvement in patients after stroke
Hartwig Woldag, Katharina Stupka, Horst Hummelsheim
Objective: Repetitive training of simple upper limb movements is effective in stroke rehabilitation. For the repetitive training of complex movements, however, results are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to determine whether repetitive training of complex upper limb movements, focussing on strength and velocity as shaping elements, is effective in stroke rehabilitation. Design: Longitudin ...
Pages: 582-587
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Reliability of knee extensor and flexor muscle strength measurements in persons with late effects of polio
Ulla-Britt Flansbjer, Jan Lexell
Objective: To assess the reliability of knee extensor and flexor muscle strength measurements in persons with late effects of polio. Design: A test-retest reliability study. Subjects: Thirty men and women (mean age 63 (standard deviation 6.4) years) with verified late effects of polio. Methods: Knee extensor and flexor muscle strength in both lower limbs were measured twice 7 days apart using ...
Pages: 588-592
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on muscle layer thickness of knee extensor muscles in intensive care unit patients: a pilot study
Wolfgang Gruther, Franz Kainberger, Veronika Fialka-Moser, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga, Michael Quittan, Christian Spiss, Richard Crevenna
Objective: It is known that patients in the intensive care unit show an enormous loss of muscle mass. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation is effective in enhancing strength and endurance in immobilized patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on muscle layer thickness of knee extensor muscles in intensive care unit patients. Design: Rand ...
Pages: 593-597
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The potential for shared decision-making and decision aids in rehabilitation medicine
Janine van Til , C.H.C. Drossaert, Annemiek Punter, Maarten J. Ijzerman
Objective: Shared decision-making and the use of decision aids are increasingly promoted in various healthcare settings. The extent of their current use and potential in rehabilitation medicine is unknown. The aim of the present study was to explore the barriers to and facilitators of shared decision-making and use of decision aids in daily practice, and to explore the perceptions of physical and ...
Pages: 598-604
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Comparative evaluation of electric wheelchair manoeuvrability
Nadine Pellegrini, Sébastien Bouche, Frédéric Barbot, Marjorie Figère, Bruno Guillon , Frédéric Lofaso
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether manoeuvrability varied between electric wheelchairs. Design: Randomized, prospective, repeated measures design. Subjects: Twelve wheelchair users. Methods: Three different electric powered indoor/outdoor wheelchairs (Invacare® Storm 3, Ottobock® B500, and Meyra® Champ) intended for use by patients with severe impairments were tested o ...
Pages: 605-607
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