Content

Content - Volume 45, Issue 2

Editors choice in this issue

REVIEW ARTICLE
Cervical motor dysfunction and its predictive value for long-term recovery in patients with acute whiplash-associated disorders: A systematic review
Liesbeth Daenen, Jo Nijs, Bonny Raadsen, Nathalie Roussel, Patrick Cras , Wim Dankaerts
Objective: To study the presence of cervical motor dysfunctions in acute whiplash-associated disorders, evaluate their course and assess their predictive value for long-term recovery. Design: Systematic literature review. Methods: PubMed and Web of Science databases were used to select studies of the presence of cervical motor dysfunctions within the acute stage (< 6 weeks) after whiplash ...
Pages: 113-122
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Cervical motor dysfunction and its predictive value for long-term recovery in patients with acute whiplash-associated disorders: A systematic review
Liesbeth Daenen, Jo Nijs, Bonny Raadsen, Nathalie Roussel, Patrick Cras , Wim Dankaerts
Objective: To study the presence of cervical motor dysfunctions in acute whiplash-associated disorders, evaluate their course and assess their predictive value for long-term recovery. Design: Systematic literature review. Methods: PubMed and Web of Science databases were used to select studies of the presence of cervical motor dysfunctions within the acute stage (< 6 weeks) after whiplash ...
Pages: 113-122
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Reliability of the 12-step ascend and descend test and its correlation with motor function in people with chronic stroke
Shamay S. Ng, Hannah H. Ng, Kimmy M. Chan, Julia C. Lai, Ann K. To , Cindy W. Yeung
Objective: To investigate: (i) the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the 12-step stair test; (ii) its correlation with other stroke-specific impairments; and (iii) the cut-off scores that best discriminate patients with stroke from healthy elderly subjects. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: University-based rehabilitation centre. Subjects: Thirty-five subjects with c ...
Pages: 123-129
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Gender and being born overseas influences the amount of acute stroke therapy
Luke Cosgrave , Julie Bernhardt, Leonid Churilov, Bent Indredavik, Toby Cumming
Objective: To identify patient factors that influence the amount, frequency and intensity of physical and occupational therapy received by patients each weekday within 14 days of stroke. Design: Exploration of data from studies conducted to monitor activity and therapy. Participants: Stroke patients receiving active treatment (not for palliative care). Physiotherapists and occupational therapi ...
Pages: 130-136
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of anodal and cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation combined with robotic therapy on severely affected arms in chronic stroke patients
Mitsuhiro Ochi, Satoru Saeki, Taiji Oda, Yasuyuki Matsushima, Kenji Hachisuka
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of combined therapy using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with robot-assisted arm training (AT) for impairment of the upper limb in chronic stroke patients, and to clarify whether differences exist in the effect of anodal tDCS on the affected hemisphere (tDCS(a) + AT) and cathodal tDCS on the unaffected hemi ...
Pages: 137-140
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Neurogenic bowel management after spinal cord injury: Malaysian experience
Julia Patrick Engkasan, Siti Suhaida Sudin
Objectives: To describe the bowel programmes utilized by individuals with spinal cord injury; and to determine the association between the outcome of the bowel programmes and various interventions to facilitate defecation. Study design: A cross-sectional study. Participants: Individuals with spinal cord injury who have neurogenic bowel dysfunction. Methods: Face-to-face interviews were conduct ...
Pages: 141-144
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Ultrasonographic measurement of femoral cartilage thickness in patients with spinal cord injury
Murat Kara, Tülay Tiftik, Öznur Öken, Nuray Akkaya, Hakan Tunc, Levent Özçakar
Objective: To assess femoral cartilage thickness in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Subjects: Forty-six patients with SCI (35 men, 11 women; mean age: 33.6 years (standard deviation 8.1) and 46 age-, sex- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy subjects were enrolled. Methods: Patients were evaluated with the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale, Modified Ashworth ...
Pages: 145-148
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Asymmetric skull deformity in children with cerebral palsy: Frequency and correlation with postural abnormalities and deformities
Michiyuki Kawakami, Meigen Liu, Tomoyoshi Otsuka, Ayako Wada, Ken Uchikawa, Asako Aoki, Yohei Otaka
Objective: Asymmetrical skull deformity is frequently seen in children with cerebral palsy, and may contribute to postural abnormalities and deformities. The aim of this cross-sectional- survey was to determine the frequency of asymmetrical skull deformity and its correlation with clinical parameters. Methods: A 10-item checklist for asymmetrical skull deformity, postural abnormalities, and defor ...
Pages: 149-153
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The long-term cost-effectiveness of the use of Functional Electrical Stimulation for the correction of dropped foot due to upper motor neuron lesion
Paul Taylor, Laura Humphreys, Ian Swain
Objective: Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) for correction of dropped foot has been shown to increase mobility, reduce the incidence of falls and to improve quality of life. This study aimed to determine how long the intervention is of benefit, and the total cost of its provision. Design: Retrospective review of medical records. Participants: One hundred and twenty-six people with spasti ...
Pages: 154-160
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Impact of pain on quality of life in patients with post-polio syndrome
Lars Werhagen , Kristian Borg
Objective: Post-polio syndrome is a neurological disorder occurring several years after an acute polio infection. The main symptoms are increased muscular weakness and atrophy, fatigue and pain. Pain is present more often in younger individuals and in females and, according to the visual analogue scale (VAS), the intensity of pain is relatively high. The aim of the present study was to analyse the ...
Pages: 161-163
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Low aerobic capacity and physical activity not associated with fatigue in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A cross-sectional study
Tjerk Munsterman, Tim Takken, Harriet Wittink
Objective: To explore whether low aerobic capacity and physical activity are associated with fatigue, when controlling for age, gender, pain and depressive symptoms in persons with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: In 60 individuals fatigue (Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue scale; MAF), disease activity (Disease Activity Score-28; DAS 28), pain, physical and psychological status (Arthritis Imp ...
Pages: 164-169
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Predictive factors for disability outcome at twenty weeks and two years following a pain self-management group intervention in patients with persistent neck pain in primary health care
Catharina Gustavsson, Jakob Bergström, Eva Denison, Lena von Koch
Objective: To explore possible predictors associated with short-term (post-treatment) and long-term (2 years) treatment success in terms of pain-related disability for patients with persistent neck pain following a pain and stress self-management intervention (PASS). Methods: Data from 77 participants assigned to PASS in a randomized controlled trial were explored to identify possible predictors ...
Pages: 170-176
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Sub-grouping patients with non-specific low back pain based on cluster analysis of discriminatory clinical items
Evdokia Billis, Christopher J. McCarthy, Chris Roberts, John Gliatis, Maria Papandreou, George Gioftsos, Jacqueline A. Oldham
Objective: To identify potential subgroups amongst patients with non-specific low back pain based on a consensus list of potentially discriminatory examination items. Design: Exploratory study. Participants: A convenience sample of 106 patients with non-specific low back pain (43 males, 63 females, mean age 36 years, standard deviation 15.9 years) and 7 physiotherapists. Methods: Based on 3 fo ...
Pages: 177-185
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Psychological factors are related to return to work among long-term sickness absentees who have undergone a multidisciplinary medical assessment
Klas Gustafsson, Göran Lundh, Pia Svedberg, Jürgen Linder, Kristina Alexanderson, Staffan Marklund
Objective: To assess the associations between psychological factors and return to work among long-term sickness absentees. Design: Longitudinal study with a 3-year follow-up. Subjects: Long-term sickness absentees (n = 905) who had undergone a multidisciplinary medical assessment. Methods: Three years after multidisciplinary medical assessment, return to work status (full, partial, ...
Pages: 186-191
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Association of postural control with muscle strength, proprioception, self-reported knee instability and activity limitations in patients with knee osteoarthritis
Diana C. Sanchez-Ramirez, Marike van der Leeden, Dirk L. Knol, Martin van der Esch, Leo D. Roorda, Sabine Verschueren, Jaap van Dieën , Willem F. Lems, Joost Dekker
Objective: To determine the association of postural control with muscle strength, proprioception, self-reported knee instability and activity limitations in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: A total of 284 patients with knee osteoarthritis from the Amsterdam Osteoarthritis cohort were included. Postural control was assessed using the One-Leg Stand Test (OLST), in which the patients wer ...
Pages: 192-197
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A combined planning and telephone aftercare intervention for obese patients: Effects on physical activity and body weight after one year
Veronika Ströbl, Werner Knisel , Ulrike Landgraf, Hermann Faller
Objective: Obese patients require sustained lifestyle changes to reduce their health risks. We therefore developed a combined planning and telephone aftercare intervention based on the Health Action Process Approach to enhance physical activity after inpatient rehabilitation for obesity. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Patients: A total of 467 obesity rehabilitation patients (55% male; mea ...
Pages: 198-205
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Evaluation of a dual-scales method to measure weight-bearing through the legs, and effects of weight-bearing inequalities on hip bone mineral density and leg lean tissue mass
Susan Hopkins, Christopher Smith, Andrew Toms, Mary Brown, Joanne Welsman, Karen Knapp
Objective: To investigate: the accuracy of measuring relative left/right weight-bearing using two identically calibrated weighing scales; the short-term weight-bearing tendencies in a general population of 9 participants and long-term in 42 females; the effect weight-bearing inequalities on hip bone mineral density and leg lean tissue mass. Method: Participants were measured standing astride two ...
Pages: 206-210
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Activity and participation in home rehabilitation: Older people’s and family members’ perspectives
Kerstin Björkman Randström, Kenneth Asplund, Marianne Svedlund, Margareta Paulson
Objective: To explore the experiences of older people and their supporting family members in relation to home rehabilitation, with a focus on activity and participation. Methods: Qualitative interviews were carried out with 6 older people and 6 family members at 1 and 6 months after the older person’s discharge to their home. Qualitative content analysis of the data was carried out. The Interna ...
Pages: 211-216
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Home-based telerehabilitation shows improved upper limb function in adults with chronic stroke: A pilot study
Jeanne Langan, Kelsey DeLave, Lauren Phillips, Percival Pangilinan, Susan H. Brown
Objective: This pilot study investigates the use of telerehabilitation to improve upper limb performance in chronic stages of stroke recovery. Design: Intervention study with pre/post/one month follow-up tests. Methods: Seven adults with chronic stroke participated in the study. Tests consisted of lab-based clinical and kinematic assessments. Participants completed the Upper Limb Training and A ...
Pages: 217-220
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
On the insufficiency of reporting masking
Vance W. Berger
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 221-222
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Response to the Letter to the Editor by Berger
Mauricio F. Villamar and Felipe Fegni
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 221-222
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