Content

Content - Volume 46, Issue 1

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Differences in cognitive and emotional outcomes between patients with perimesencephalic and aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage
Wendy Boerboom, Majanka H. Heijenbrok-Kal, Ladbon Khajeh, Fop van Kooten, Gerard M. Ribbers
Objectives: To compare cognitive and emotional outcomes between patients with aneurysmal and perimesencephalic subarachnoid haemorrhage and norm scores. Design: First measurement in prospective cohort study. Patients: Sixty-seven patients with subarachnoid haemorr-hage, were divided into perimesencephalic (n = 8) and aneurysmal (n = 59) subarachnoid haemorrhage groups. M ...
Pages: 28-32
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SPECIAL REPORT
ISPRM discussion paper: Proposing a conceptual description of health-related rehabilitation services
Thorsten Meyer, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Carlotte Kiekens, Dimitrios Skempes, John L. Melvin, Kuno Schedler , Marta Imamura, Gerold Stucki
There is a need for a comprehensive classification system of health-related rehabilitation services. For conceptual clarity our aim is to provide a health-related conceptual description of the term “rehabilitation service”. First, we introduce a common understanding of the term “rehabilitation”, based on the current definition in the World Health Organization’s World Repor ...
Pages: 1-6
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of a stroke-specific follow-up care model on the quality of life of stroke patients and caregivers: A controlled trial
Manon Fens, Caroline M. van Heugten, George Beusmans, Job Metsemakers, Arnold Kester, Martien Limburg
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a stroke-specific follow-up care model on quality of life for stroke patients, being discharged home, and their caregivers. Design: A non-randomized, controlled trial, comparing an intervention group with a control group (usual care). Subjects: Stroke patients and their caregivers. Methods: Intervention involved 5 home visits by a stroke care coordina ...
Pages: 7-15
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Actual and ideal services in acute care and rehabilitation for relatives post-stroke from three perspectives: Relatives, stroke clients and health professionals
Annie Rochette, Eric Racine, Helene Lefebvre, Josee Bastien, Myriam Tellier
Objective: To document the gap between actual and desired ideal services for relatives post-stroke from three perspectives: relatives, stroke clients and health professionals. Methods: A two-phase qualitative design and consisting of in-depth interviews (Phase 1) and 3 focus groups (Phase 2). The interview sample consisted of 25 relatives (mean age 53.4 (standard deviation 12.7); women =&# ...
Pages: 16-22
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Prevalence of spasticity after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage
Svante Wallmark, Elisabeth Ronne-Engström, Erik Lundström
Objective: The prevalence of spasticity after stroke is approximately 20%. There is, so far, little information in the literature on the development of spasticity after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of spasticity after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage and to identify possible risk factors in the acute phase. Methods: A total o ...
Pages: 23-27
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Differences in cognitive and emotional outcomes between patients with perimesencephalic and aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage
Wendy Boerboom, Majanka H. Heijenbrok-Kal, Ladbon Khajeh, Fop van Kooten, Gerard M. Ribbers
Objectives: To compare cognitive and emotional outcomes between patients with aneurysmal and perimesencephalic subarachnoid haemorrhage and norm scores. Design: First measurement in prospective cohort study. Patients: Sixty-seven patients with subarachnoid haemorr-hage, were divided into perimesencephalic (n = 8) and aneurysmal (n = 59) subarachnoid haemorrhage groups. M ...
Pages: 28-32
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Upper extremity reconstruction in non-traumatic spinal cord injuries: An under-recognized opportunity
Jan Fridén, Carina Reinholdt, Johanna Wangdell, Andreas Gohritz
Objective: This study reviews the usefulness of surgical improvement of arm and hand function in patients with non-traumatic spinal cord injury who differ significantly from individuals with post-traumatic tetraplegia with respect to age, injury pattern, gender and socio-economic factors. Design: Case series. Tests were conducted preoperatively and 12 months postoperatively. Patients: The results ...
Pages: 33-38
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Postural alignment in children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy using a bimanual interface for powered wheelchair control
Wen-Yu Liu, Fang-Jie Chen , Yang-Hua Lin, Chung-Hsien Kuo, Hen-Yu Lien, Yu-Jhih Yu
Objective: To examine postural alignment in children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy while driving a powered wheelchair using both a unilateral joystick and an innovative bimanual interface. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: A total of 20 children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (mean age 9.0 years (standard deviation 2.1); 11 with diplegia, 9 with quadriplegia) and 14 typical ...
Pages: 39-44
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Daily stride rate activity and heart rate response in children with cerebral palsy
Astrid C.J. Balemans, Leontien van Wely, Anouk Middelweerd, Josien J.C. van den Noort , Jules G. Becher, Annet J. Dallmeijer
Objective: To compare daily stride rate activity, daily exercise intensity, and heart rate intensity of stride rate in children with cerebral palsy with that of typically developing children. Methods: Forty-three children with cerebral palsy, walking without (Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) I and II) or with (GMFCS III) an aid and 27 typically developing children (age range 7â ...
Pages: 45-50
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Stump sensibility in children with upper limb reduction deficiency
Marianne Reinkingh, Heleen A. Reinders-Messelink, Pieter U. Dijkstra, Karel G. B. Maathuis, Corry K. van der Sluis
Objectives: To compare stump sensibility in children with upper limb reduction deficiency with sensibility of the unaffected arm and hand. In addition, to evaluate the associations between stump sensibility, stump length and activity level. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: Children and young adults aged 6–25 years with upper limb reduction deficiency. Methods: Threshold of touch wa ...
Pages: 51-58
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Aerobic intensity and pacing pattern during the six-minute walk test in patients with multiple sclerosis
Ulrik Dalgas, Tue Kjølhede, Domien Gijbels , Anders Romberg, Carme Santoyo, Benoit Maertens de Noordhout, Kathy Knuts, Peter Feys
Objective: To examine the aerobic intensity level and pacing pattern during the 6-min walk test (6MWT) in persons with multiple sclerosis, taking into account time of day, fatigue, disability level and multiple sclerosis subtype. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects/patients: Eighty multiple sclerosis patients (Expanded Disability Status Scale, EDSS ≤ 6.5). Methods: Participants ...
Pages: 59-66
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Elevated expression of prostaglandin E2 synthetic pathway in skeletal muscle of prior polio patients
Eva Melin, Eva Lindroos, Ingrid E. Lundberg, Kristian Borg, Marina Korotkova
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate signs of inflammation in muscle of patients with prior polio, since the main symptoms in these patients are muscle pain, weakness and fatigue. In the context of pain and inflammation, the prostaglandin E2 pathway is of interest. Prostaglandin E2 has many biological actions and is a mediator of inflammation and pain. Patients and methods: Skelet ...
Pages: 67-72
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Psychometric properties of the 8-item Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ-8) in a Swedish Chronic pain cohort
Graciela S. Rovner, Kristofer Årestedt, Björn Gerdle, Björn Börsbo, Lance M. McCracken
Background: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for chronic pain has good empirical support. Pain acceptance is most often assessed with the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ). Recently a shorter 8-item version, the CPAQ-8, was developed. Objectives: To further validate the CPAQ-8 in a Swedish context and to test its sensitivity to treatment effects, an as-yet unknown property of the ins ...
Pages: 73-80
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Clinical and sonographic risk factors for hemiplegic shoulder pain: A longitudinal observational study
Yeo Hyung Kim, Sung Jin Jung, Eun Joo Yang , Nam Jong Paik
Objective: To identify baseline risk factors associated with hemiplegic shoulder pain during the first 6 months after a stroke and to investigate changes in these risk factors over time. Design: Longitudinal observational study. Patients: A total of 94 patients with first-ever unilateral stroke lesion within 1 month after stroke. Methods: Clinical, radiological and sonographic evaluations we ...
Pages: 81-87
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Physiological responses to the Glittre-ADL test in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Manuela Karloh, Marlus Karsten, Fernanda V. Pissaia, Cintia L. P. de Araujo, Anamaria F. Mayer
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the physiological responses induced by the Glittre-ADL test (TGlittre) test in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and compare them with those induced by the 6-minute walk test (6MWT). Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Subjects: Eighteen patients with COPD 66 years (standard deviation (SD) 8) and forced expir ...
Pages: 88-94
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Does the mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) research need to be internationalized right now?
Darko Ledic, Ivan Sosa
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 95-95
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