Content

Content - Volume 46, Issue 5

Editors choice in this issue

REVIEW ARTICLE
Evidence for the effectiveness of walking training on walking and self-care after stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Sinikka H. Peurala, Auli H. Karttunen , Tuulikki Sjögren, Jaana Paltamaa, Ari Heinonen
Objective: To examine the effect of randomized controlled trials of walking training on walking and self-care in patients with stroke. Data sources: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, PEDro, OTSeeker, Central, and manual search to the end of August 2012. Study selection: English, Finnish, Swedish, or German language walking training randomized controlled trials for patients over 18 years of age with str ...
Pages: 387-399
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EDITORIAL
Elevating the quality of disability and rehabilitation research: Mandatory use of the reporting guidelines
Leighton Chan, Allen W. Heinemann, Jason Roberts
Abstract is missing (Statment)
Pages: 385-386
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Evidence for the effectiveness of walking training on walking and self-care after stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Sinikka H. Peurala, Auli H. Karttunen , Tuulikki Sjögren, Jaana Paltamaa, Ari Heinonen
Objective: To examine the effect of randomized controlled trials of walking training on walking and self-care in patients with stroke. Data sources: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, PEDro, OTSeeker, Central, and manual search to the end of August 2012. Study selection: English, Finnish, Swedish, or German language walking training randomized controlled trials for patients over 18 years of age with str ...
Pages: 387-399
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Motor excitability changes during action observation in stroke patients
Joachim Liepert, Johanna Greiner, Christian Dettmers
Objective: To explore whether stroke patients exhibit increases in motor excitability during action observation, whether differences exist between the affected and non-affected sides, and between pure motor strokes and predominantly sensory strokes. Methods: In 18 patients (10 pure motor strokes, 8 predominantly sensory strokes, < 6 months after the stroke) transcranial magnetic stimulation ...
Pages: 400-405
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Stroke Self-efficacy Questionnaire: A Rasch-refined measure of confidence post stroke
Afsane Riazi, Trefor Aspden, Fiona Jones
Objective: Measuring self-efficacy during rehabilitation provides an important insight into understanding recovery post stroke. A Rasch analysis of the Stroke Self-efficacy Questionnaire (SSEQ) was undertaken to establish its use as a clinically meaningful and scientifically rigorous measure. Methods: One hundred and eighteen stroke patients completed the SSEQ with the help of an interviewer. Pa ...
Pages: 406-412
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Associations of arterial stiffness and cognitive function with physical fitness in patients with chronic stroke
Yong Hee Lee, Eun Sun Yoon, Soo Hyun Park, Kevin S. Heffernan, Chong Lee, Sae Young Jae
Objective: To determine whether arterial stiffness is associated with cognitive function after adjustment for physical fitness in patients with chronic stroke. Methods: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted in 102 patients with chronic stroke who participated in an exercise rehabilitation programme. Carotid femoral pulse wave velocity and augmentation index were measured as indices of arterial ...
Pages: 413-417
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation over the cerebellum on patients with ataxia after posterior circulation stroke: A pilot study
Won-Seok Kim, Se Hee Jung, Min Kyun Oh, Yu Sun Min, Jong Youb Lim, Nam-Jong Paik
Objective: To investigate the safety, feasibility and preliminary efficacy of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the cerebellum in ataxic patients with acute posterior circulation stroke. Design: Randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled pilot study. Patients: Thirty-two ataxic patients with posterior circulation stroke were randomized to real (n =  ...
Pages: 418-423
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The use of real life activities in rehabilitation: The experience of young men with traumatic brain injuries from regional, rural and remote areas in Australia
Craig Thomas Sullivan, Marion A. Gray, Gary P. Williams, Dion J. Green, Claire A. Hession
Objective: This study aimed to explore the experience of young men with traumatic brain injuries from regional, rural and remote areas in Australia who had participated in real life activity rehabilitation. Design: A qualitative study. The primary data collection method was a semi-structured interview. Setting: The Townsville Hospital, Queensland, and private dwellings in rural and regional area ...
Pages: 424-429
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Cognitive and emotional problems in patients after cerebral meningioma surgery
Sanne van der Vossen , Vera P.M. Schepers, Jan Willem Berkelbach van der Sprenkel , Johanna M. A. Visser-Meily, Marcel W.M. Post
Objectives: To determine long-term cognitive complaints and symptoms of depression or anxiety in patients following surgery for a cerebral meningioma, and to examine factors associated with these outcomes. Design: Cross-sectional study. Patients: Patients operated on for a cerebral meningioma in the University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands, between 2007 and 2009. Methods: Clinical da ...
Pages: 430-437
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Mobility and satisfaction with lower-limb prostheses and orthoses among users in Sierra Leone: A cross-sectional study
Lina Magnusson, Nerrolyn Ramstrand, Eleonor I. Fransson, Gerd Ahlström
Objectives: To investigate patients’ mobility and satisfaction with their lower-limb prosthetic or orthotic device and related service delivery in Sierra Leone; to compare groups of patients regarding type and level of assistive device, gender, area of residence, income; and to identify factors associated with satisfaction with the assistive device and service. Methods: A total of 139 patients ...
Pages: 438-446
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Clinicians’ perspectives on decision making in lower limb amputee rehabilitation
Kate Sansam, Rory J. O’Connor, Vera Neumann, Bipin Bhakta
Objective: Decision making within amputee rehabilitation includes the assessment of whether a patient is suitable for a prosthesis and if so, what components to provide. This study seeks to increase understanding about clinicians’ perspectives on what factors influence these decisions. Method: One-to-one semi-structured interviews were completed with 23 experienced clinicians at their place of ...
Pages: 447-453
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in patients with peripheral and central neuropathic pain
Muhammed Kılınç , Ayse Livanelioğlu, Sibel Aksu Yıldırım , Ersin Tan
Objective: To evaluate and compare the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) therapy on pain intensity and functional capacity in patients with either peripheral neuropathic pain or central neuropathic pain. Methods: A total of 40 patients (20 with peripheral neuropathic pain and 20 with central neuropathic pain) were included in this study. Pain severity, pain quality, a ...
Pages: 454-460
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A group-based exercise program did not improve physical activity in patients with chronic heart failure and comorbidity: A randomized controlled trial
Maria Borland, Agneta Rosenkvist, Åsa Cider
Objective: To investigate how group-based exercise affects the levels of physical activity, physical fitness and health- related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with chronic heart failure and comorbidities. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Patients: A total of 48 patients (10 women, 38 men), mean age 71 years (standard deviation 8 years), ejection fraction 27% (standard deviation 10%), ...
Pages: 461-467
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Association between lumbopelvic pain, disability and sick leave during pregnancy – a comparison of three Scandinavian cohorts
Annelie Gutke, Christina B. Olsson, Nina Völlestad, Birgitta Öberg, Lena Nilsson Wikmar, Hilde Stendal Robinson
Objective: To explore the association between disability and sick leave due to lumbopelvic pain in pregnant women in 3 cohorts in Sweden and Norway and to explore possible factors of importance to sick leave. A further aim was to compare the prevalence of sick leave due to lumbopelvic pain. Design/subjects: Pregnant women (n = 898) from two cohorts in Sweden and one in Norway answer ...
Pages: 468-474
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Recovery of an injured medial lemniscus pathway in a patient with intracerebral haemorrhage
Jeong Pyo Seo, Sung Ho Jang
Objective: We describe here a patient with intracerebral haemorrhage who showed recovery of an injured medial lemniscus and its related thalamocortical pathway on follow- up diffusion tensor tractography. Case report: A 48-year-old man presented with right hemiplegia following a spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage in the left corona radiata and basal ganglia. He underwent conservative managem ...
Pages: 475-478
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Regional versus widespread pain in patients with chronic low back pain: It does matter!
Jan Sture Skouen
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 479-480
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