Content

Content - Volume 47, Issue 10

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Plastic changes in spinal synaptic transmission following botulinum toxin A in patients with post-stroke spasticity
Marjorie Kerzoncuf, Laurent Bensoussan, Alain Delarque, Jacques Durand, Jean-Michel Viton, Christiane Rossi-Durand
Objective: The therapeutic effects of intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin-type A on spasticity can largely be explained by its blocking action at the neuromuscular junction. Botulinum toxin-type A is also thought to have a central action on the functional organization of the central nervous system. This study assessed the action of botulinum toxin-type A on spinal motor networks by investi ...
Pages: 910-916
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Systematic review of cardiopulmonary exercise testing post stroke: Are we adhering to practice recommendations?
Ingrid G.L. van de Port, Gert Kwakkel, Harriet Wittink
Objective: To systematically review the use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in people who have survived a stroke. The following questions are addressed: (i) What are the testing procedures used? (ii) What are the patient, safety and outcomes characteristics in the cardiopulmonary exercise testing procedures? (iii) Which criteria are used to determine maximum oxygen uptake (VO2peak/max) in the ...
Pages: 881-900
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effectiveness of the Restore4Stroke self-management intervention ”Plan Ahead!”: A randomized controlled trial in stroke patients and partners
Nienke S. Tielemans , Johanna M. A. Visser-Meily, Vera P.M. Schepers, Patricia E. Passier, Ingrid G.L. van de Port, Judith D.M. Vloothuis, Pieter A.A. Struyf, Caroline M. van Heugten
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of a self-management intervention aimed at proactive coping for stroke patients and partners, compared with an education intervention. Design: Multicentre randomized controlled trial. Participants: The study included 113 stroke patients (mean age 57.0 years (standard deviation (SD) 9.0), mean 18.8 months after stroke (SD 28.4)) and 57 partners (mean ag ...
Pages: 901-909
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Plastic changes in spinal synaptic transmission following botulinum toxin A in patients with post-stroke spasticity
Marjorie Kerzoncuf, Laurent Bensoussan, Alain Delarque, Jacques Durand, Jean-Michel Viton, Christiane Rossi-Durand
Objective: The therapeutic effects of intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin-type A on spasticity can largely be explained by its blocking action at the neuromuscular junction. Botulinum toxin-type A is also thought to have a central action on the functional organization of the central nervous system. This study assessed the action of botulinum toxin-type A on spinal motor networks by investi ...
Pages: 910-916
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Altered force perception in stroke survivors with spastic hemiplegia
Jasper T. Yen, Sheng Li
Objective: To investigate the effect of spasticity and involuntary synergistic activation on force perception during voluntary activation of spastic paretic muscles. Methods: Eleven stroke subjects with spastic hemiparesis performed various isometric elbow-flexion force-matching tasks. Subjects were instructed to generate a target reference force with visual feedback using one arm (impaired or n ...
Pages: 917-923
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Dalfampridine in chronic sensorimotor deficits after ischemic stroke: A proof of concept study
David M. Simpson, James Goldenberg, Scott Kasner, Marshall Nash, Michael J. Reding, Richard M. Zweifler, Gustavo Suarez, Ping Zhao, Herbert R. Henney III, Adrian L. Rabinowicz, Enrique Carrazana
Objective: To evaluate the safety and tolerability of dalfampridine extended release (D-ER) in participants with chronic post-ischemic stroke deficits, and to assess for potential drug activity on sensorimotor function. Methods: Using a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over design, participants were randomized to placebo/D-ER or D-ER/placebo sequences and given D-ER 10 mg or placebo twice ...
Pages: 924-931
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Long-term employment outcomes following traumatic brain injury and orthopaedic trauma: A ten-year prospective study
Jane Dahm, Jennie Ponsford
Objective: To investigate the trajectory and predictors of employment over a period of 10 years following traumatic brain injury and traumatic orthopaedic injury. Design: Prospective follow-up at 1, 2, 5 and 10 years post-injury. Participants: Seventy-nine individuals with traumatic brain injury and 79 with traumatic orthopaedic injury recruited from Epworth HealthCare in Melbourne, Australia du ...
Pages: 932-940
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Differences in ability to perform activities of daily living among women with fibromyalgia: A cross-sectional study
Cecilie von Bülow, Kirstine Amris, Karen la Cour, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe, Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens
Objective: To investigate whether the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS), the physical function subscales of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ PF) and the 36-item Short Form (SF-36 PF) can identify subgroups of women with fibromyalgia with clinically relevant differences in ability to perform activities of daily living. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: A total of 25 ...
Pages: 941-947
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Instruments for assessment of impairments and activity limitations in patients with hand conditions: A European Delphi study
Lucelle A.W. van de Ven-Stevens, Maud J.L. Graff, Ruud W. Selles, Ton A.R. Schreuders, Harmen van der Linde, Paul H. Spauwen, Alexander C.H. Geurts
Objective: To reach multidisciplinary European consensus on the assessment tools for impairments and activity limitations in patients with hand conditions. Design: Electronic Delphi method. Subjects: Thirty experts from European societies for hand therapy, hand surgery, and physical and rehabilitation medicine. Methods: In 3 rounds, participants were asked which of 13 preselected categories of ...
Pages: 948-956
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Pursed-lips breathing reduces dynamic hyperinflation induced by activities of daily living test in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A randomized cross-over study
Cintia Laura Pereira de Araujo, Manuela Karloh, Cardine Martins dos Reis, Marina Palú, Anamaria Fleig Mayer
Background: Dynamic hyperinflation leads to dyspnoea and consequent limitations in functional capacity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It has been shown that the response to pursed-lips breathing in terms of dynamic hyperinflation and lower-limb exercise capacity is variable, and its effects on activities of daily living are unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of pursed-lips ...
Pages: 957-962
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ORIGINAL REPORT
How do ankle braces affect braking performance? An experimental driving simulation study with healthy volunteers
Ulf Krister Hofmann, Stefan Thumm, Maurice Jordan, Falk Mittag, Ina-Christine Rondak, Ingmar Ipach
Background: Fitness to drive a car has been investigated increasingly over recent years. However, most research has focussed on perioperative driving performance, and few data are available on how orthoses influence the ability to perform an emergency stop. This study investigated the effect of 4 common ankle braces (Kallassy®, CaligaLoc®, Air-Stirrup®, ASO®) on reaction time, foot tra ...
Pages: 963-969
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Box and block test in Beninese adults
Ditouah Didier Niama Natta, Etienne Alagnidé, Toussaint Godonou Kpadonou, Christine Detrembleur, Thierry M. Lejeune, Gaëtan G. Stoquart
Objective: To determine the Box and Block Test norm in a sub-Saharan population and to compare these data with published norms for North American adults. Methods: A total of 692 healthy Beninese people, age range 20–85 years, were recruited. These subjects were asked to perform the Box and Block Test with both hands. Results: Box and Block Test scores (mean and standard deviation (SD)) for ...
Pages: 970-973
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