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Content - Volume 47, Issue 4

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Parametric analyses of summative scores may lead to conflicting inferences when comparing groups: A simulation study
Asaduzzaman Khan, Chi-Wen Chien, Karl S. Bagraith
Objective: To investigate whether using a parametric statistic in comparing groups leads to different conclusions when using summative scores from rating scales compared with using their corresponding Rasch-based measures. Methods: A Monte Carlo simulation study was designed to examine between-group differences in the change scores derived from summative scores from rating scales, and those deri ...
Pages: 300-304
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Pre-discharge home assessment visits in assisting patients’ return to community living: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Kylee J Lockwood , Nicholas F. Taylor, Katherine E. Harding
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of pre-discharge home assessment visits by occupational therapists in assisting hospitalized patients from a range of settings to return to community living. Data sources: Electronic databases MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, PsychINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and OTseeker were searched until February 2014. Study selection: Quantitative a ...
Pages: 289-299
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Parametric analyses of summative scores may lead to conflicting inferences when comparing groups: A simulation study
Asaduzzaman Khan, Chi-Wen Chien, Karl S. Bagraith
Objective: To investigate whether using a parametric statistic in comparing groups leads to different conclusions when using summative scores from rating scales compared with using their corresponding Rasch-based measures. Methods: A Monte Carlo simulation study was designed to examine between-group differences in the change scores derived from summative scores from rating scales, and those deri ...
Pages: 300-304
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the unaffected hemisphere leg motor area in patients with subacute stroke and substantial leg impairment: A pilot study
Yen-Nung Lin , Chaur-Jong Hu , Ju-yang Chi , Li-Fong Lin , Tze-Hsun Yen, Yen-Kuang Lin, Tsan-Hon Liou
Objective: To evaluate the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on mobility among patients with substantial leg impairment after subacute stroke. Design: Double-blinded, stratified, randomized trial involving a sham control group. Participants: Patients who developed unilateral hemiplegia after first-ever subacute stroke and underwent inpatient stroke rehabilitation. M ...
Pages: 305-310
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Development of a Computerized Digit Vigilance Test and validation in patients with stroke
Chun-Ming Yang, Gong-Hong Lin, Mei-Hsiang Chen, I-Ping Hsueh, Ching-Lin Hsieh
Objectives: To develop a computerized Digit Vigilance Test (C-DVT) with lower random measurement error than that of the DVT and to examine the concurrent validity, ecological validity, and test-retest reliability of the C-DVT in patients with stroke. Design: A cross-sectional study. Patients: Forty-four patients with stroke. Methods: We developed and tested the C-DVT. To examine the psychometri ...
Pages: 311-317
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Brain-computer interface training combined with transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with chronic severe hemiparesis: Proof of concept study
Yuko Kasashima-Shindo , Toshiyuki Fujiwara, Junichi Ushiba, Yayoi Matsushika, Daiki Kamatani , Misa Oto , Takashi Ono, Atsuko Nishimoto, Keiichiro Shindo, Michiyuki Kawakami, Tetsuya Tsuji, Meigen Liu
Objective: Brain–computer interface technology has been applied to stroke patients to improve their motor function. Event-related desynchronization during motor imagery, which is used as a brain–computer interface trigger, is sometimes difficult to detect in stroke patients. Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is known to increase event-related desynchronization. This s ...
Pages: 318-324
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Predicting community participation after spinal cord injury in Thailand
Jatuporn Suttiwong, Mantana Vongsirinavarat, Pakaratee Chaiyawat, Roongtiwa Vachalathiti
Objective: To identify the predictors of community participation after spinal cord injury. Design: Cross-sectional design. Methods: A total of 139 persons with spinal cord injury living in the community completed 4 instruments: the Impact on Participation and Autonomy (IPA-Thai version), the Craig Hospital Inventory of Environmental Factors (CHIEF-SF-Thai version), the Personal Resource Question ...
Pages: 325-329
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Wheelchair-specific fitness of inactive people with long-term spinal cord injury
Jan W. van der Scheer , Sonja de Groot, Marga Tepper, David Gobets , Dirkjan H.E.J. Veeger, Lucas H. V. van der Woude
Objectives: To describe wheelchair-specific anaerobic work capacity, isometric strength and peak aerobic work capacity of physically inactive people with long-term spinal cord injury using outcomes of tests that are feasible for use in rehabilitation centres, and to determine associations among these fitness components. Design: Cross-sectional study. Participants: Manual wheelchair users with sp ...
Pages: 330-337
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Cost-utility of a lifestyle intervention in adolescents and young adults with spastic cerebral palsy.
Jorrit Slaman, Rita van den Berg-Emons, Siok Swan Tan , Heleen Russchen , Jetty van Meeteren, Henk Stam, Marij Roebroeck
Objective: To evaluate the cost-utility of a lifestyle intervention among adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy. Design: Single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Setting: Six university hospital/clinics in the Netherlands. Participants: Fifty-seven adolescents and young adults with spastic cerebral palsy classified as Gross Motor Functioning Classification System (GMFCS) level Iâ ...
Pages: 338-345
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Adaptive devices in young people with upper limb reduction deficiencies: Use and satisfaction
Ecaterina Vasluian, Iris van Wijk, Pieter U. Dijkstra, Heleen A. Reinders-Messelink, Corry K. van der Sluis
Objective: To evaluate use of, satisfaction with, and social adjustment with adaptive devices compared with prostheses in young people with upper limb reduction deficiencies. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 218 young people with upper limb reduction deficiencies (age range 2–20 years) and their parents. A questionnaire was used to evaluate participants’ characteristics, difficulties ...
Pages: 346-355
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Rasch analysis of the 23-item version of the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire
Peter Kent, Margreth Grotle, Kate M. Dunn , Hanne B. Albert , Henrik H. Lauridsen
Objective: To determine the psychometric properties of the 23-item version of the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ-23) and to quantify their stability across 2 cultures/languages and 2 types of care-settings. Methods: Rasch analysis of data from 1,000 patients with low back pain from primary care (UK and Denmark) and secondary care (Denmark). Results: The RMDQ-23 is unidimensional i ...
Pages: 356-364
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Is there a gender bias in recommendations for further rehabilitation in primary care of patients with chronic pain after an interdisciplinary team assessment?
Britt-Marie Stålnacke, Inger Haukenes , Arja Lehti , Anncristine Fjellman Wiklund, Maria Wiklund , Anne Hammarström
Objective: To examine potential gender bias in recommendations of further examination and rehabilitation in primary care for patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain after an interdisciplinary team assessment. Methods: The population consisted of consecutive patients (n = 589 women, 262 men) referred during a 3-year period from primary healthcare for assessment by interdisciplinary ...
Pages: 365-371
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Interval training-induced alleviation of rigidity and hypertonia in patients with Parkinson’s disease is accompanied by increased basal serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor
Jarosław Marusiak, Ewa Żeligowska , Joanna Mencel, Katarzyna Kisiel-Sajewicz , Joanna Majerczak , Jerzy A. Zoladz , Artur Jaskólski , Anna Jaskólska
Objective: To examine the effects of cycloergometric interval training on parkinsonian rigidity, relaxed biceps brachii muscle tone in affected upper extremities, and serum level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Design: Case series, repeated-measures design, pilot study. Subjects/patients: Eleven patients with mild-to-moderate Parkinson’s disease (Hoehn & Yahr scale 2.3 ±  ...
Pages: 372-375
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Aquatic circuit training including aqua-cycling in patients with knee osteoarthritis: A feasibility study
Stefanie Rewald , Ilse Mesters, Pieter J. Emans , J.J. Chris Arts , Antoine F. Lenssen, Rob A. de Bie
Background: Aqua-cycling is easy to learn, acceptable, and safe for patients with knee osteoarthritis. It can therefore be an ideal component of aquatic circuit training. Objective: To investigate the feasibility of a small group-based aquatic exercise programme including aqua-cycling. Design: A feasibility study using quantitative (pre-post) and qualitative (cross-sectional) assessments. Parti ...
Pages: 376-381
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