Content

Content - Volume 48, Issue 4

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Sensory qualities of the phantom hand map in the residual forearm of amputees
Anders Björkman, Ulrika Wijk, Christian Antfolk, Isabella Björkman-Burtscher, Birgitta Rosén
Objective: Most amputees experience referred sensations, known as a phantom hand map, on the residual forearm, where touch on specific areas is perceived as touch on the amputated hand. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensory qualities of the phantom hand map. Methods: In 10 traumatic forearm-amputees touch thres-holds and discriminative touch of the phantom hand map were assessed and c ...
Pages: 365-370
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All articles

REVIEW ARTICLE
Conceptualization and assessment of disability in shoulder-specific measures with reference to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
Yngve Roe, Sigrid Østensjø
Objective: To expand on a previous systematic review of shoulder-specific outcome measures by investigating how concepts of functioning were conceptualized and measured, using International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) constructs as a reference. Methods: The material consisted of the linked content of 17 condition-specific measures. The distribution of the key concep ...
Pages: 325-332
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Single joint robotic orthoses for gait rehabilitation: An educational technical review
Shahid Hussain, Prashant K. Jamwal, Mergen H. Ghayesh
Robot-assisted physical gait therapy is gaining recognition among the rehabilitation engineering community. Several robotic orthoses for the treatment of gait impairments have been developed during the last 2 decades, many of which are designed to provide physical therapy to a single joint of the lower limb; these are reviewed here. The mechanism design and actuation concepts for these single join ...
Pages: 333-338
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Self-rated health and return to work after first-time stroke
Louise Pape Larsen, Karin Biering, Soeren Paaske Johnsen, Grethe Andersen, Niels Henrik Hjollund
Objective: Self-rated health is an essential aspect of life after stroke, and return to work is considered one of the most important outcomes for younger stroke patients. The aim of this study was to examine whether self-rated health 3 months after stroke, clinical and demographic determinants are independently associated with return to work and subsequent work-stability. Material and methods: A ...
Pages: 339-345
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Convergent validity and responsiveness of the EQ-5D utility weights for stroke survivors
Wen-Shian Lu, Sheau-Ling Huang, Jeng-Feng Yang, Mei-Hsiang Chen, Ching-Lin Hsieh, Chia-Yeh Chou
Objective: This prospective study examined the convergent validity and responsiveness of the EuroQoL-5 Dimensions Health Questionnaire (EQ-5D) utility weights in stroke survivors at the subacute stage. Methods: Repeated assessments were conducted in rehabilitation wards of a medical centre. A study cohort was recruited from inpatients (n = 478). A total of 342 participants (71.5%) com ...
Pages: 346-351
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Women’s experiences of daily life after anterior cervical decompression and fusion surgery: A qualitative interview study
Anna Hermansen, Anneli Peolsson, Ann-Sofi Kammerlind, Katarina Hjelm
Objective: To explore and describe women’s experiences of daily life after anterior cervical decompression and fusion surgery. Design: Qualitative explorative design. Subjects: Fourteen women aged 39–62 years (median 52 years) were included 1.5–3 years after anterior cervical decompression and fusion for cervical disc disease. Methods: Individual semi-structured interviews were a ...
Pages: 352-358
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Long-term follow-up of patients with prior polio over a 17-year period
Katarina Skough Vreede, Lisbet Broman, Kristian Borg
Objective: Follow-up of the health of patients with prior polio over a 17-year period. Design: Follow-up study. Patients: Patients with prior polio. Methods: The study questionnaire was answered in 1995 by 270 patients. In 2012 the questionnaire was sent again to the surviving patients. Results: Of the patients who answered the questionnaire in 1995, 116 (40%) were still alive in 2012. The gro ...
Pages: 359-364
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Sensory qualities of the phantom hand map in the residual forearm of amputees
Anders Björkman, Ulrika Wijk, Christian Antfolk, Isabella Björkman-Burtscher, Birgitta Rosén
Objective: Most amputees experience referred sensations, known as a phantom hand map, on the residual forearm, where touch on specific areas is perceived as touch on the amputated hand. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensory qualities of the phantom hand map. Methods: In 10 traumatic forearm-amputees touch thres-holds and discriminative touch of the phantom hand map were assessed and c ...
Pages: 365-370
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ORIGINAL REPORT
One-year trajectories of motivation and physical activity in persons with disabilities
Sigrid Skatteboe, Cecilie Roe, Paul B. Perrin, Håkon Dalen, Erik Bautz-Holter, Astrid Nyquist, Martin Saebu
Objective: To assess trajectories of autonomous and controlled motivation and physical activity over one year in subjects with chronic disabilities receiving rehabilitation. In addition, to assess whether improvements in motivation and clinical variables during rehabilitation predict physical activity. Design: Prospective interventional design. Methods: A total of 214 subjects with physical disa ...
Pages: 371-377
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Cost-effectiveness of individualized nutrition and exercise therapy for rehabilitation following hip fracture
Rachel Milte, Michelle D. Miller, Maria Crotty, Shylie Mackintosh, Susie Thomas, Ian D. Cameron, Craig Whitehead, Susan Kurrle, Julie Ratcliffe
Objective: To undertake a cost-utility analysis of the Individual Nutrition Therapy and Exercise Regime: A Controlled Trial of Injured, Vulnerable Elderly (INTERACTIVE) trial. Design: Cost-utility analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Subjects: A total of 175 patients following a hip fracture were allocated to receive either alternate weekly visits from a physical therapist and dietitian ...
Pages: 378-385
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Effects of Sono-feedback during aspiration of Baker’s cysts: A controlled clinical trial
Gökhan Çağlayan, Levent Özçakar, Semra Ulusoy Kaymak, Bayram Kaymak, Ayşen Akıncı Tan
Objective: To determine whether (diagnostic and interventional) ultrasound imaging can be used to provide visual feedback affecting treatment outcome (pain and disability). Design: Controlled clinical trial. Subjects: A total of 52 patients with (ultrasonographically confirmed) symptomatic Baker’s cysts were enrolled. Methods: The cysts were drained under ultrasound guidance and, if neces ...
Pages: 386-389
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CASE REPORT
Trunk muscle activity patterns in a person with spinal cord injury walking with different un-powered exoskeletons: A case study
Xinyu Guan, Yali Liu, Lianjun Gao, Linhong Ji, Rencheng Wang, Mingliang Yang, Run Ji
Objective: To investigate trunk muscle activity patterns in a person with thoracic spinal cord injury when walking with different un-powered exoskeletons, and to explore how different un-powered exoskeletons affect trunk muscle activity patterns. Case report: Data were recorded from a subject with complete spinal cord injury at T10, using an electromyography system on 4 pairs of trunk muscles and ...
Pages: 390-395
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CASE REPORT
Effect of alignment perturbations in a trans-tibial prosthesis user: A pilot study
Anna Courtney, Michael S. Orendurff, Arjan Buis
Objective: A recurring complication in trans-tibial prosthetic limb users is “poor socket fit” with painful residuum-socket interfaces, a consequence of excess pressure. This is due to both poor socket fit and poor socket alignment; however, the interaction of these factors has not been quantified. Through evaluation of kinetic data this study aimed to articulate an interaction uniting s ...
Pages: 396-401
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