Content - Volume 40, Issue 4

All articles

Chronic fatigue syndrome: An approach combining self-management with graded exercise to avoid exacerbations
Jo Nijs, Lorna Paul, Karen Wallman
Controversy regarding the aetiology and treatment of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome continues among the medical professions. The Cochrane Collaboration advises practitioners to implement graded exercise therapy for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome using cognitive behavioural principles. Conversely, there is evidence that exercise can exacerbate symptoms in chronic fatigue syndrome, i ...
Pages: 241-247
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Eight months of physical training in warm water improves physical and mental health in women with fibromyalgia: A randomized controlled trial
Pablo Tomas-Carus, Narcis Gusi, Arja Häkkinen, Keijo Häkkinen, Alejo Leal, Alfredo Ortega-Alonso
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of 8 months of supervised exercise therapy in warm water and its effects on the impact of fibromyalgia on physical and mental health and physical fitness in affected women. Methods: Thirty women with fibromyalgia were randomly assigned to an exercise therapy group (n = 15) or a control group (inactive) (n = 15). The impact of fibromyalgia on physica ...
Pages: 248-252
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Impact of home modification services on ability in everyday life for people ageing with disabilities
Ingela Petersson, Margareta Lilja, Joy Hammel, Anders Kottorp
Objective: To examine the impact of home modifications on self-rated ability in everyday life from various aspects for people ageing with disabilities. Methods: The study sample was recruited from an agency providing home modification services in Sweden and comprised 73 subjects whose referrals had been approved and who were scheduled to receive home modifications (intervention group) and 41 sub ...
Pages: 253-260
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Predicting the discharge destination of rehabilitation patients using a signal detection approach
Hidekazu Miyamoto, Akihito Hagihara, Koichi Nobutomo
Objective: To predict the discharge destination of rehabilitation patients using signal detection analysis. Design: Cross-sectional and follow-up studies. Subject: The subjects were 324 patients discharged from a hospital in Fukuoka, Japan, between April 2005 and March 2006 and 313 patients discharged from the same hospital between 1 April and 31 October 2006. Methods: The discharge destinat ...
Pages: 261-268
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Time-courses of lung function and respiratory muscle pressure generating capacity after spinal cord injury: A prospective cohort study
Gabi Mueller, Sonja de Groot, Lucas H. van der Woude, Maria Hopman
Objective: To investigate the time-courses of lung function and respiratory muscle pressure generating capacity after spinal cord injury. Design: Multi-centre, prospective cohort study. Subjects: One hundred and nine subjects with recent, motor complete spinal cord injury. Methods: Lung function and respiratory muscle pressure generating capacity were measured at first mobilization, at disch ...
Pages: 269-276
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Shoulder pain in persons with thoracic spinal cord injury: Prevalence and characteristics
Marie Alm, Helena Saraste, Cecilia Norrbrink
Objective: To document the prevalence of shoulder pain, associated patient characteristics, and intensity and interference with shoulder function in activities in wheelchair users. Design: A cross-sectional survey. Patients: Individuals with a thoracic spinal cord injury. Methods: A 3-part questionnaire on patient characteristics, medical history, supplemental questions, and the Wheelchair U ...
Pages: 277-283
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Determinants of improvement in walking capacity among individuals with chronic stroke following a multi-dimensional exercise program
Marco YC. Pang, Janice J. Eng
Objective: To identify the determinants of improvement in walking capacity following therapeutic exercise in chronic stroke survivors. Design: A secondary analysis of data obtained from a prospective, single-blind, randomized controlled intervention trial. Subjects: Sixty-three community-dwelling individuals (mean age = 65 years, age range =   50–87 years) with a chronic stroke ( ...
Pages: 284-290
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A national survey of occupational therapists' practices related to participation post-stroke
Nicol Korner-Bitensky, Johanne Desrosiers, Annie Rochette
Objectives: First, to identify occupational therapists' stroke rehabilitation practices related to leisure and social aspects of participation and potential explanatory variables associated with these practices. Secondly, to identify occupational therapists' desired assessment and treatment practices related to participation. Design: A Canada-wide telephone survey. Subjects: A random sample of ...
Pages: 291-297
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Inhibition of the unaffected motor cortex by 1 Hz repetitive transcranical magnetic stimulation enhances motor performance and training effect of the paretic hand in patients with chronic stroke
Naoyuki Takeuchi, Takeo Tada, Masahiko Toshima, Takayo Chuma, Yuichiro Matsuo, Katsunori Ikoma
Objective: Recent reports demonstrated that low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the unaffected hemisphere improved the affected hand function in chronic stroke patients. We investigated whether 1 Hz rTMS improved the motor learning of the affected hand in patients after stroke. Design: A double-blind study. Patients: Twenty patients with chronic subcortical s ...
Pages: 298-303
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Association between muscle function and low back pain in relation to pregnancy
Annelie Gutke, Hans Christian Östgaard, Birgitta Öberg
Objective: To investigate the association of muscle function and subgroups of low back pain (no low back pain, pelvic girdle pain, lumbar pain and combined pelvic girdle pain and lumbar pain) in relation to pregnancy. Design: Prospective cohort study. Subjects: Consecutively enrolled pregnant women seen in gestational weeks 12–18 (n = 301) and 3 months postpartum (n = 262). Methods ...
Pages: 304-311
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Mirror therapy in patients with causalgia (Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type II) following peripheral nerve injury: Two cases
Ruud W. Selles, Ton A.R. Schreuders, Henk J. Stam
Objective: To describe the use of mirror therapy in 2 patients with complex regional pain syndrome type II following traumatic nerve injury. Design: Two case reports. Subjects: Two patients with complex regional pain syndrome type II. Methods: Two patients received mirror therapy with the painful hand hidden behind the mirror while the non-painful hand was positioned so that, from the perspe ...
Pages: 312-314
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Botulinum toxin type A in the healing of ulcer following oro-mandibular dyskinesia in a patient in a vegetative state
Domenico Intiso, Mario Basciani, Filomena Di Rienzo, Maurizio Tolfa, Giuseppina Grimaldi, Piero Fiore
Objective: Use of botulinum toxin is expanding as clinical studies demonstrate new potential therapeutic applications. In rehabilitation, botulinum toxin is predominantly used as adjunct therapy for the treatment of spasticity, but it may prove useful for other atypical clinical situations. Case history: A 73-year-old man had a severe sub-arachnoid haemorrhage following the rupture of a giant an ...
Pages: 315-316
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The need for exercise rehabilitation in Botswana
Ronel Marais
This article does not have an abstract.
Pages: 317-318
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Page: 319
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