Content

Content - Volume 46, Issue 7

Editors choice in this issue

SPECIAL REPORT
Intervention fidelity: Developing an experience-based model for rehabilitation research
Leon Poltawski , Meriel Norris, Sarah Dean
Background: Intervention fidelity is concerned with the extent to which interventions are implemented as intended. Consideration of fidelity is essential if the conclusions of effectiveness studies are to be credible, but little attention has been given to it in the rehabilitation literature. We describe our experiences addressing fidelity in the development of a rehabilitation clinical trial, and ...
Pages: 609-615
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All articles

SPECIAL REPORT
Intervention fidelity: Developing an experience-based model for rehabilitation research
Leon Poltawski , Meriel Norris, Sarah Dean
Background: Intervention fidelity is concerned with the extent to which interventions are implemented as intended. Consideration of fidelity is essential if the conclusions of effectiveness studies are to be credible, but little attention has been given to it in the rehabilitation literature. We describe our experiences addressing fidelity in the development of a rehabilitation clinical trial, and ...
Pages: 609-615
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SPECIAL REPORT
Conferences and convention centres’ accessibility to people with disabilities
Jasmine Khandhar Doshi, Andréa Dompieri Furlan, Luis Carlos Lopes, Joel DeLisa, Linamara Rizzo Battistella
Objective: The purposes of this manuscript are to create awareness of problems of accessibility at meetings and conferences for people with disabilities, and to provide a checklist for organizers of conferences to make the event more accessible to people with disabilities. Methods: We conducted a search of the grey literature for conference centres and venues that had recommendations for making t ...
Pages: 616-619
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Validity and reliability of the modified sphygmomanometer test to assess strength of the lower limbs and trunk muscles after stroke
Lucas Araújo Castro e Souza, Júlia Caetano Martins , Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Eliza Maria Lara, Juliana Braga Moura, Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria
Objectives: To investigate the criterion-related validity, test-retest and inter-rater reliabilities of the modified sphygmomanometer test (MST) for assessment of the strength of the trunk and lower limb muscles in subjects with chronic stroke, and to verify whether the number of trials affected the results. Patients and methods: Fifty-nine subjects with stroke (mean age 57.80 years; standard de ...
Pages: 620-628
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Sensitivity of the NeuroFlexor method to measure change in spasticity after treatment with botulinum toxin A in wrist and finger muscles
Johan Gäverth, Ann-Christin Eliasson, Kjell Kullander, Jörgen Borg, Påvel G. Lindberg, Hans Forssberg
Objective: The NeuroFlexor objectively quantifies the neural, elastic and viscous components of passive movement resistance in wrist and finger flexor muscles. In this study we investigated the sensitivity of the NeuroFlexor to changes in spasticity induced by treatment with botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A). Design: Prospective observational design. Subjects: A convenience sample of 22 adults wi ...
Pages: 629-634
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Perceived difficulty in use of everyday technology in persons with acquired brain injury of different severity: A comparison with controls
Mandana Fallahpour, Anders Kottorp, Louise Nygård, Maria Larsson Lund
Objective: To compare the perceived difficulty in use of everyday technology in persons with acquired brain injury with different levels of severity of disability with that of controls. Methods: This comparison study recruited 2 samples of persons with acquired brain injury and controls, comprising a total of 161 participants, age range 18–64 years. The long and short versions of the Everyday T ...
Pages: 635-641
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Health-related physical fitness of ambulatory adolescents and young adults with spastic cerebral palsy
Carla Nooijen, Jorrit Slaman, Wilma van der Slot, Henk Stam, Marij Roebroeck, Rita van den Berg-Emons & Learn2Move Research Group
Objective: To describe in detail the health-related physical fitness of adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy, compared with able-bodied references, and to assess differences related to Gross Motor Functioning Classification System (GMFCS) level and distribution of cerebral palsy. Design: Cross-sectional. Subjects: Fifty ambulatory persons with spastic cerebral palsy, GMFCS level I or ...
Pages: 642-647
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Development of work participation in young adults with cerebral palsy: A longitudinal study
Joan A. C. Verhoef, Inge Bramsen, Harald S. Miedema, Henk J. Stam, Marij E. Roebroeck & The Transition and Lifespan Research Group South West Netherlands
Objective: To document the development of work participation in young adults with cerebral palsy who are transitioning into adulthood, examine associated characteristics, and investigate work limitations and barriers among employed persons. Design: Observational longitudinal cohort study. Subjects: Seventy-four young adults with cerebral palsy of average intelligence, aged 16–20 years at base ...
Pages: 648-655
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Validity of Oxygen Uptake Efficiency Slope in patients with multiple sclerosis
Martin Heine, Olaf Verschuren, Gert Kwakkel
Objective: To examine the Oxygen Uptake Efficiency Slope (OUES) as an outcome for physical fitness in patients with multiple sclerosis. Design: Cross-sectional study. Patients: A maximal cycling ergometry test was performed by 56 patients with multiple sclerosis. Methods: The OUES was compared with healthy reference values. Correlation analysis was used to assess the concurrent validity of the ...
Pages: 656-661
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A speckle tracking application of ultrasound to evaluate activity of multilayered cervical muscles
Ross van der Werff, Shaun O'Leary, Gwendolen Jull, Michael Peolsson, Johan Trygg, Anneli Peolsson
Objective: To evaluate the capacity of the ultrasound-based method of speckle tracking analysis to detect changes in multilayered dorsal neck muscle activity induced by performing a lifting task. Subjects: Twenty-one healthy individuals. Design: Participants performed a loaded lifting task in 3 different postural orientations of the neck (neutral, flexed and forward head posture). Ultrasound ima ...
Pages: 662-667
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Patterns of reported problems in women and men with back and neck pain: Similarities and differences
Gunilla Stenberg, Anders Lundquist, Anncristine Fjellman-Wiklund, Christina Ahlgren
Objective: To examine similarities and differences in problem areas reported by women and men who seek physiotherapy for back or neck pain. Methods: Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to analyse questionnaire data including demographics, pain, domestic work, stress, health status, physical disability, psychosocial and physical workload, kinesiophobia and self- efficacy. Most of the que ...
Pages: 668-675
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of a fibromyalgia rehabilitation programme in warm versus cold climate: A randomized controlled study
Anne-Cathrine Clarke-Jenssen, Anne Marit Mengshoel, Yndis Staalesen Strumse, Karin Øien Forseth
Objective: To study the long-term effects on symptoms and physical function of a 4-week rehabilitation programme for patients with fibromyalgia, and to determine whether there are any differences if this programme is applied in a warm or cold climate. Methods: A total of 132 patients with fibromyalgia were randomized to a rehabilitation programme in a warm or cold climate, or to a control group ...
Pages: 676-683
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Self-reported fatigue and physical function in late mid-life
Han Boter, Minna Mänty, Åse Marie Hansen , Tibor Hortobágyi, Kirsten Avlund
Objective: To determine the association between the 5 subscales of the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) and physical function in late mid-life. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: A population-based sample of adults who participated in the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank population cohort (n = 4,964; age 49–63 years). Methods: Self-reported fatigue was measure ...
Pages: 684-690
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Recovery, long-term cognitive outcome and quality of life following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
Chun Lim, Mieke Verfaellie, David Schnyer , Ginette Lafleche , Michael P. Alexander
Objective: Among survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), the functional outcomes of those with rapid early or with very delayed recoveries are known. For patients between those extremes early recovery is variable, and the probability of longer-term recovery and the implications for quality of life have not been clearly defined. Methods: Twenty-five patients of a consecutive cohort of ...
Pages: 691-697
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation cycling exercise for persons with advanced multiple sclerosis
Ché Fornusek, Phu Hoang
Objective: To investigate the feasibility of neuromuscular electrical stimulation cycling modified to suit persons with advanced multiple sclerosis. Subjects: Eight women with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. Methods: Subjects participated in an 18-session (40 min) neuromuscular electrical stimulation cycling program. A pedaling cadence of 10 rev•min-1 was employed and stimulation i ...
Pages: 698-702
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Knee joint stabilization therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee and knee instability: Subgroup analyses in a randomized, controlled trial
Jesper Knoop, Marike van der Leeden, Leo D. Roorda, Carina A. Thorstensson, Martin van der Esch, Wilfred F Peter, Mariëtte de Rooij, Willem F. Lems, Joost Dekker, Martijn P.M. Steultjens
Objective: To test whether knee stabilization therapy, prior to strength/functional training, may have added value in reducing activity limitations only in patients with knee osteoarthritis who have knee instability and (i) low upper leg muscle strength, (ii) impaired knee proprioception, (iii) high knee laxity, or (iv) frequent episodes of knee instability. Design: Subgroup analyses in a random ...
Pages: 703-707
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Dynamic weight loading in older people with hip fracture
Akke Bakker, Taco J. Blokhuis, Michelle D.M.E. Meeks, Hermie J. Hermens, Herman R. Holtslag
Objective: Hip fractures have a high morbidity and mortality in elderly patients. Improving mobility outcomes is crucial in order to decrease the burden of this injury. The objective of this study was to investigate dynamic weight loading in older people with hip fractures using a new device. Design: In an observational study, low-energy hip fracture patients were monitored one day per week with ...
Pages: 708-711
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CASE REPORT
Isotopic scintigraphy combined with computed tomography: A useful method for investigating inefficiency of intrathecal baclofen
Flavie Frémondière, Virginie Saoût , Franck Lacœuille, Anne-Laure Ferrapie , Philippe Menei, Olivier Couturier , Isabelle Richard, Mickaël Dinomais
Background: Intrathecal baclofen infusion is an established method for the treatment of generalized and disabling spasticity. The most frequent technical problems are due to catheter /pump disconnections, but diagnosis of dysfunction may be difficult. Case report: We report here the case of a 53-year-old woman with spastic paraplegia treated with intrathecal baclofen. Spasticity remained uncontr ...
Pages: 712-714
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Botulinum neurotoxin treatment for spasticity: The role of electromyography guidance
Ole Jakob Vilholm, Jens Bo Nielsen
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 715-716
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