Content

Content - Volume 49, Issue 1

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Active lung volume recruitment to preserve vital capacity in Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Michael Chiou, John R. Bach, Lavina Jethani, Michael F. Gallagher
Objective: To consider the effect of active lung volume recruitment (“air stacking”) on rate of decline in vital capacity. Design: Retrospective cross-sectional design. Patients: People with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Methods: Vital capacity was measured at every patient visit and then graphed. Air stacking using volume-preset ventilation or manual resuscitator bag was introduced to all p ...
Pages: 49-53
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All articles

EDITORIAL
A New Appearance and New Approaches of JRM
Henk Stam, Kristian Borg
Abstract is missing (Editorial)
Pages: 1-0
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Effiectiveness and safety of transcranial direct current stimulation in fibromyalgia: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Chang-e Zhu, Bo Yu, Wen Zhang , Wen-hua Chen, Qi Qi, Yun Miao
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transcranial direct current stimulation for fibro-myalgia. Methods: Databases, conference records and registered trials were searched for articles published from the date of establishment of the database through to October 2015. Six randomized controlled trials (n=192) of transcranial direct current stimulation for fibromyalgia were include ...
Pages: 2-9
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SPECIAL REPORT
World Health Organisation Global Disability Action Plan 2014–2021: Challenges and perspectives for physical medicine and rehabilitation in Pakistan
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Tahir M. Sayed, Aamir W. Butt, Khalid Jamil, Waseem Iqbal, Alaeldin Elmalik , Farooq A. Rathore, Geoff Abbott
Objective: To provide an update on disability and outline potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP) in Pakistan. Methods: A 6-day workshop at the Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Islamabad facilitated by rehabilitation staff from Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia. Local healthcare professionals ...
Pages: 10-21
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Clinical feasibility of Xbox KinectTM training for stroke rehabilitation: A single-blind randomized controlled pilot study
Tuba Alışkan Türkbey, Sehim Kutlay, Haydar Gök
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of Xbox KinectTM training of the upper extremity in subacute stroke rehabilitation. Design: A single-blind, randomized controlled, pilot study. Patients: Twenty consecutive patients with stroke. Methods: Participants were allocated randomly to 2 groups: the control group received conventional therapy and the experimental group received addition ...
Pages: 22-29
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of bihemispheric anodal transcranial direct current stimulation for dysphagia in chronic stroke patients: A randomized clinical trial
Young Hyun Ahn , Hyun-Joo Sohn, Jin-Sung Park, Tae Gyu Ahn, Yong Beom Shin, Minsu Park, Sung-Hwa Ko, Yong-Il Shin
Objective: To investigate whether bihemispheric anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with conventional dysphagia therapy could improve swallowing function in chronic stroke patients with dysphagia. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Subjects: Twenty-six patients with dysphagia for at least 6 months post-stroke were randomly assigned into: (i) bihemispheric anodal tDCS group; o ...
Pages: 30-35
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Changes in body composition after spasticity treatment with intrathecal baclofen
Olle Skogberg, Kersti Samuelsson, Per Ertzgaard, Richard Levi
Objective: To assess changes in body composition, body weight and resting metabolic rate in patients who received intrathecal baclofen therapy for spasticity. Design: Prospective, longitudinal, quasi-experimental, with a pre/post design. Patients: Twelve patients with spasticity, fulfilling study criteria, and due for pump implantation for intrathecal baclofen therapy, completed the study. Met ...
Pages: 36-39
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation to preserve the thickness of abdominal and chest muscles of critically ill patients: A randomized clinical trial
Ana M. Dall' Acqua , Amanda Sachetti, Laura J. Santos, Fernando A. Lemos, Tanara Bianchi, Wagner S. Naue, Alexandre S. Dias, Graciele Sbruzzi, Silvia R.R. Vieira, and MoVe- ICU Group
Objective: To evaluate and compare the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation combined with conventional physical therapy on muscle thickness in critically ill patients. Design: Double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Patients: Twenty-five patients participated in the study. Methods: Patients on mechanical ventilation for 24–48 h were randomized to an intervention group (neuromus ...
Pages: 40-48
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Active lung volume recruitment to preserve vital capacity in Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Michael Chiou, John R. Bach, Lavina Jethani, Michael F. Gallagher
Objective: To consider the effect of active lung volume recruitment (“air stacking”) on rate of decline in vital capacity. Design: Retrospective cross-sectional design. Patients: People with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Methods: Vital capacity was measured at every patient visit and then graphed. Air stacking using volume-preset ventilation or manual resuscitator bag was introduced to all p ...
Pages: 49-53
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy for disabling pain due to severe primary knee osteoarthritis
Marta Imamura, Sandra Alamino, Wu Tu Hsing, Fábio Marcon Alfieri, Christoph Schmitz , Linamara Rizzo Battistella
Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) for disabling pain due to primary knee osteoarthritis. Design: Randomized, placebo-controlled trial (level of evidence, 1). Subjects: A total of 105 women with disabling pain due to primary knee osteoarthritis lasting for a mean of 103 months (range 3–480 months). Methods: Patients received eithe ...
Pages: 54-62
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Spreading of pain and insomnia in patients with chronic pain: results from a national quality registry (SQRP)
Peter Alföldi , Elena Dragioti, Tobias Wiklund, Björn Gerdle
Objective: To explore how demographics, pain, psychosocial factors and insomnia relate to the spread of chronic pain. Methods: The study included 708 patients (68% women; median age 46 years; interquartile range 35–57 years) with chronic pain who were referred to a multidisciplinary pain centre. Spreading of pain was assessed using a questionnaire covering 36 anatomically predefined pain region ...
Pages: 63-70
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of physical activity in the first five days after cardiac surgery
Sean F. Mungovan, Preetraj Singh, Gregory C. Gass, Neil A. Smart, Andrew D. Hirschhorn
Objectives: To quantify physiotherapist-supervised and independent physical activity undertaken from the first to the fifth day after cardiac surgery (POD1 to POD5), and to relate the amount of physical activity undertaken with hospital stay and postoperative physiological functional capacity on POD6. Methods: Physiotherapist-supervised and independent physical activity were monitored in 83 adul ...
Pages: 71-77
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Influence of arm crank ergometry on development of lymphedema in breast cancer patients after axillary dissection: A randomized controlled trail
Thorsten Schmidt, Jette Berner, Walter Jonat, Burkhard Weisser, Christioph Röcken, Marion van Mackelenbergh, Christoph Mundhenke
Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of arm crank ergometry in breast cancer patients after axillary lymph node dissection, with regard to changes in bioelectrical impedance analysis, arm circumference, muscular strength, quality of life and fatigue. Design: Randomized controlled clinical intervention trial. Subjects: Forty-nine patients with breast cancer after axillary lymph node ...
Pages: 78-83
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CASE REPORT
Effect on body composition and bone mineral density of walking with a robotic exoskeleton in adults with chronic spinal cord injury
Antony D. Karelis, Lívia Pinheiro Carvalho, Manuel Jose Escalona Castillo, Dany H. Gagnon, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
Objective: To examine the effect on body composition and bone mineral density of locomotor training using a robotic exoskeleton in individuals with spinal cord injury. Study design: Interventional study. Subjects/methods: Five adults with a non-progressive traumatic complete sensorimotor spinal cord injury who were using a wheelchair as a primary mode of mobility. Participants performed a perso ...
Pages: 84-87
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CASE REPORT
Testicular infarction in a patient with spinal cord injury with epididymitis: A case report
Po-Cheng Hsu, William J. Huang, Shih-Fong Huang
O-bjective: To describe a case of epididymitis-related testicular infarction in a patient with spinal cord injury. Case report: A 22-year-old man with a traumatic spinal cord injury (American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale A; neurological level, C4) developed epididymitis during hospitalization. He presented with spiking fever, autonomic dysreflexia, and increased spasticity. Physical ...
Pages: 88-90
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CASE REPORT
From left ventricular assist device to transplant to home: An interdisciplinary team approach to treating medically complex cardiac patients during the bridge to transplantation: A case report
Keith J. Foster, Angelica Cota, Stephanie Cleves
Case report: A 56-year-old man presented with advanced heart failure requiring implantation of a left ventricular assist device and was discharged home. after implantation He returned to the hospital with right posterior putamen stroke and after a comprehensive rehabilitation programme was discharged home with the ability to be independent. The patient later underwent heart transplantation and sub ...
Pages: 91-93
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Use of databases and registries to understand post-operative hip fracture management
Dharani Nagarajan
Abstract is missing (Letter to the Editor)
Pages: 94-95
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