Content

Content - Volume 53, Issue 9

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COCHRANE
What are the effects of strength training and aerobic exercise training for muscle disease? - A Cochrane Review summary with commentary
Ayesha Afridi, Farooq Azam Rathore
The aim of this commentary is to discuss from a rehabilitation perspective the published Cochrane Review (1) by Voet NBM et al., under the direct supervision of Cochrane Neuromuscular Group. This Cochrane Corner is produced in agreement with the Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine by Cochrane Rehabilitation.
Pages: 1-4
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Which Balance Evaluation Systems Test sections best distinguish levels of post-stroke functional walking status?
Kazuhiro Miyata, Satoshi Hasegawa, Hiroki Iwamoto, Tomohiro Otani, Yoichi Kaizu, Tomoyuki Shinohara, Shigeru Usuda
Objective: To determine which sections of the Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) distinguish levels of post-stroke functional walking status and to establish their cut-off scores. Design: A retrospective cross-sectional study. Subjects and methods: The BESTest was administered to 87 stroke patients who were able to walk without physical assistance upon discharge from the hospital. Subject ...
Pages: 1-8
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate supplementation on muscle mass and strength in onabotulinumtoxin type-A-injected and contralateral quadriceps femoris in rabbits
Rafael Fortuna, Andrew Sawatsky, John C. Fuller, Jr, Walter Herzog
Objective: To determine the effects of the leucine metabolite β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) on strength, muscle mass, and contractile material in muscle wasting induced by onabotulinumtoxin type-A (BoNT-A) injection into the quadriceps femoris muscles of New Zealand white rabbits. Methods: A total of 21, female rabbits were divided into 3 groups (n=7, each). Group 1 (Control) received intram ...
Pages: 1-7
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Adaptations for rehabilitation services during the COVID-19 pandemic proposed by scientific organizations and rehabilitation professionals
Luz H. Lugo-Agudelo, Kelly Mariana Cruz Sarmiento, Maria Alejandra Spir Brunal, Juan Carlos Velásquez Correa, Ana Maria Posada Borrero, Luisa Fernanda Mesa Franco, Rosarita Di Dio Castagna Ianini, Paola Andrea Ramírez Pérez Lis, Claudia Marcela Vélez, Daniel F. Patiño Lugo, Christoph Gutenbrunner
Objective: To describe adaptations in the provision of rehabilitation services proposed by scientific and professional rehabilitation organizations to avoid interruptions to patients’ rehabilitation process and delays in starting rehabilitation in patients with COVID-19. Methods: A narrative review approach was used to identify the recommendations of scientific and professional organizations in ...
Pages: 1-9
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Fatigue in men and women who have returned to work after stroke: Assessed with the Fatigue Severity Scale and Mental Fatigue Scale
Anna Norlander, Ingrid Lindgren, Hélène Pessah-Rasmussen, Gunvor Gard, Christina Brogårdh
Objective: To assess the occurrence of self-reported fatigue among men and women who have returned to work after stroke, and the association between 2 fatigue rating scales. Design: A cross-sectional study. Subjects: A total of 91 adults (58 men/33 women, mean age 53 years) with mild to moderate disability. Methods: Questionnaires were posted to participants approximately one year after stroke. ...
Pages: 1-8
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Relationships between cognitive functioning and power wheelchair performance, confidence and life-space mobility among experienced power wheelchair users: An exploratory study
Alice Pellichero, Krista Best, Jean Leblond, Pauline Coignard, Éric Sorita, François Routhier
Objectives: To explore: (i) relationships between power wheelchair performance, confidence, mobility and the severity of user’s cognitive impairment; (ii) relationships between cognitive functioning and power wheelchair performance, confidence and mobility; and (iii) how cognitive scores influence power wheelchair performance, confidence and mobility. Design: Cross-sectional exploratory study. ...
Pages: 1-7
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Cognitive function and performance of everyday activities in adults with spina bifida
Dorothee Riedel, Göran Hagman, Dido Green, Sofi Fristedt
Background and objective: Individuals with spina bifida often have cognitive impairments leading to dif-ficulties in education and daily activities. The aims of this study were to explore cognitive impairments in adults with spina bifida and to consider associations between impairments, educational outcome and per-formance of daily activities, comparing individuals with and without intellectual di ...
Pages: 1-9
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Physical inactivity after stroke: Incidence and early predictors based on 190 individuals in a 1-year follow-up of the Fall Study of Gothenburg
Sara Botö, Dongni Johansson Buvarp, Per-Olof Hansson, Katharina S. Sunnerhagen, Carina U. Persson
Objective: To determine the incidence of physical inactivity and factors prior to stroke and in acute stroke that are associated with physical inactivity 1 year after stroke Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort Patients: A total of 190 consecutively included individuals with acute stroke Methods: A follow-up questionnaire, relating to physical activity level using the Saltin-Grimby Physical ...
Pages: 1-6
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Correlation of N30 somatosensory evoked potentials with spasticity and neurological function after stroke: A cross-sectional study
Lilin Chen, Weijie Li, Shimei Cheng, Shouyi Liang, Mudan Huang, Tingting Lei, Xiquan Hu, Zhenhong Liang, Haiqing Zheng
Objective: To test whether the presence of N30 somatosensory evoked potentials, generated from the supplementary motor area and premotor cortex, correlate with post-stroke spasticity, motor deficits, or motor recovery stage. Design: A cross-sectional study. Patients: A total of 43 patients with stroke hospitalized at Maoming People’s Hospital, Maoming, China. Methods: Forty-three stroke patie ...
Pages: 1-9
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